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Poland

EU Member State (Non Euro-Area)

Poland Indicators

Happiness

6.17

0 unhappy, 10 happy

2020
The Happiness ranking is part of the World Happiness Report. The country scores are based on a survey in which respondents evaluate the quality of their current lives on a scale of 0 to 10.
Life expectancy

77.86

years

2019
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Political stability

0.52

-2.5 weak, 2.5 strong

2019
The Political Stability Index and Absence of Violence/Terrorism measures perceptions of the likelihood that the government will be destabilized or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including politically-motivated violence and terrorism.
Political rights

2

7 weak, 1 strong

2020
The Political Rights ratings from the Freedom House evaluate three categories: electoral process, political pluralism and participation, and the functioning of government. The index ranges from 1 (strong rights) to 7 (weak rights).
Civil liberties

2

7 weak, 1 strong

2020
The Civil Liberties index from the Freedom House evaluate the following: freedom of expression and belief, associational and organizational rights, rule of law, and personal autonomy and individual rights. The rating ranges from 1 (strong liberties) to 7 (no liberties).
Corruption

58

100 = no corruption

2019
The Corruption Perceptions Index is an indicator of perceptions of public sector corruption, i.e. administrative and political corruption (based on information from surveys and assessments of corruption, collected by a variety of reputable institutions).
Population

37.97

Million

2019
Total population is indicated in Millions and is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.
Population growth

-0.00

% growth / year

2018
Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Population density

124

People per square km

2018
Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Urban population

60.04

% of total population

2019
Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.
Migrant population

2

% of total

2015
International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees.
Economic growth

4.54

% of GDP

2019
Economic growth is intended as the annual percentage growth rate of GDP at market prices based on constant local currency.
Foreign Direct Investment

2.42

% of GDP

2019
Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor (new investment inflows less disinvestment). Source: The World Bank.
Exports

55.54

% of GDP

2019
Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. Source: The World Bank
Government debt

57.50

% of GDP

2020
Government debt includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government.
Capital investment

19.75

% of GDP

2019
Capital investments are fixed assets including for example land improvements, plant, machinery, construction of roads, railways, schools, offices, hospitals, private residential, commercial and industrial buildings, etc.
Inflation

3.4

% yearly change

2020
Inflation as measured by the consumer price index reflects the annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly.
Competitiveness

68.90

0 weak, 100 strong

2019
The Global Competitiveness index is composed of 12 pillars of competitiveness: Institutions, Infrastructure, ICT adoption, Macroeconomic stability, Health, Skills, Product market, Labor market, Financial system, market size, Business, dynamism, and Innovation capability.
R&D

1.21

% of GDP

2018
Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D), expressed as a percent of GDP. They include both capital and current expenditures in the four main sectors: Business enterprise, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit.
Shadow economy

16.67

% of GDP

2015
The shadow economy as percent of total annual GDP. Detailed methodology of the estimations can be obtained from the following International Monetary Fund working paper by Leandro Medina and Friedrich Schneider (2018).
Health spending

6.33

% of GDP

2018
Level of current health expenditure expressed as a percentage of GDP. Estimates of current health expenditures include healthcare goods and services consumed during each year but does not include capital health expenditures such as buildings, machinery, IT and stocks of vaccines for emergency or outbreaks.
Education spending

4.56

% of GDP

2017
General government expenditure on education is expressed as a percentage of GDP. It includes expenditure funded by transfers from international sources to government. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.
Military spending

2.02

% of GDP

2019
Military spending includes expenditure on peacekeeping, defense ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities, military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions, operations and maintenance; procurement, military research and development, and military aid.
Unemployment

3.55

% of labor force

2020
Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Females unemployment

3.60

% of female labor force

2019
Female unemployment refers to the share of the female labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Males unemployment

3.02

% of male labor force

2019
Male unemployment refers to the share of the male labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Youth unemployment

9.84

% of 15-24 labor force

2019
Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Cost of starting a business

11.60

% of income per capita

2019
The cost of starting a business indicator includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law. The company law, the commercial code, and specific regulations and fee schedules are used as sources for calculating costs. Source: The World Bank.
Tax rate

40.80

% of commercial profits

2019
Total tax rate measures the amount of taxes and mandatory contributions payable by businesses after accounting for allowable deductions and exemptions as a share of commercial profits. Personal income tax, VAT, sales taxes or goods and service taxes are excluded.
Number of taxes paid by businesses

7

2019
Tax payments by businesses are the total number of taxes paid by businesses, including electronic filing. The tax is counted as paid once a year even if payments are more frequent. Source: The World Bank.
Patent applications

3887

by residents

2019
Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years.
Internet users

84.52

% of population

2019
Internet users are individuals who have used the Internet (from any location) in the last 3 months. The Internet can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games machine, digital TV etc. Source: The World Bank.
Land area

306170

sq. km

2018
Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
Agricultural land

145120

sq. km.

2018
Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Source: FAO.
Forest area

94590.0

sq. km

2018
Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens. Source: FAO
Precipitation

600

mm per year

2017
Average precipitation is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
Roads quality

4.30

1 low, 7 high

2019
The Road quality indicator represents an assessment of the quality of roads in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the roads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Railroads quality

3.90

1 low, 7 high

2019
The Quality of railroad infrastrucutre indicator represents an assessment of the quality of the railroad system in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the railroads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Air transport quality

4.80

1 low, 7 high

2019
The Quality of air transport infrastructure indicator represents an assessment of the quality of airports in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the passenger air transport in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Energy imports

28.55

% total energy use

2015
Net energy imports are estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Source: The World Bank
Oil production

18.77

thousand barrels / day

2020
Oil production, thousand barrels per day
Renewable power capacity

8.95

million kilowatts

2019
Total capacity to produce electricity from renewable resources in million kilowatts.
Carbon dioxide emissions

7.88

metric tons per capita

2016
Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Source: The World Bank.
Bank branches

29.29

per 100,000 people

2017
Number of commercial bank branches per 100,000 adults.
ATMs

70.55

per 100,000 adults

2019
Number of ATMs per 100,000 adults. Automated teller machines are computerized telecommunications devices that provide clients of a financial institution with access to financial transactions in a public place.
Homicides

0.8

per 100,000 people

2017
Number of homicides per 100,000 people per year.
Robberies

21

per 100,000 people

2017
Number of robberies per 100,000 people per year.
Suicides

11.30

per 100,000 population

2019
Suicide mortality rate is the number of suicide deaths in a year per 100,000 population.
Prisoners

195

per 100,000 people

2017
Number of prisoners per 100,000 people.

Poland News More ...

Poland Publications More ...

Meet ASTRABAT: a chat with Warsaw University of Technology
Read about the role of Warsaw University of Technology in ASTRABAT and discover the work carried out by Prof. Leszek Niedzicki and Dr. Marta Kasprzyk on the synthetization of salts and additives for new generation of ...
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Maximising the benefits:Economic, employment and emissions imp...
Maximising the benefits:Economic, employment and emissions impacts of a Green Recovery Plan in Poland
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Exit, Voice or Loyalty? Young people on Europe and democracy C...
Exit, Voice or Loyalty? Young people on Europe and democracy Case Studies from Austria, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia
Read
How supergrids can support the integration of renewable energy
One of the main problems with the transition from fossil fuels to renewable electricity is the unreliability of the supply. However, this can be tackled by pioneering technologies for storing energy and upgrading grids
Read
A snapshot of national renovation strategies - examples from s...
A snapshot of national renovation strategies - examples from selected EU member states
Read
Early-stage venture capital for energy innovation: Financing m...
Early-stage venture capital for energy innovation: Financing models, trends and implications for policy
Read
Assessment of the impact of the Polish capacity mechanism on e...
Assessment of the impact of the Polish capacity mechanism on electricity markets
Read
Phase-out 2020: monitoring Europe's fossil fuel subsidies
Read
The EU Competition investigation of Gazprom's sales in cen...
The EU Competition investigation of Gazprom's sales in central and eastern Europe
Read
A Measure of Last Resort? The practice of pre-trial detention ...
A Measure of Last Resort? The practice of pre-trial detention decision making in the EU
Read
The impact of intra - EU crossborder services , with special ...
The impact of intra - EU crossborder services , with special attention to the construction sector
Read

Poland VideosMore ...

environment Transport, air pollution and health in Poland
Transport, air pollution and health in Poland
12 Oct 2021
Health and Environme...
Play
agriculture Thematic session 2 - Q&A presentation 'innovation networking in the CAP SP in Poland - 8 June 2021
Thematic session 2 - Q&A presentation 'innovation networking i...
11 Oct 2021
EIP-AGRI Service Point
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agriculture Thematic session 2 - Q&A presentation 'innovation networking in the CAP SP in Poland - 10 June 2021
Thematic session 2 - Q&A presentation 'innovation networking i...
11 Oct 2021
EIP-AGRI Service Point
Play
regions Citizens’ awareness of EU regional policy (Polish)
Citizens’ awareness of EU regional policy (Polish)
11 Oct 2021
EUinmyRegion
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institutions Conference on the Future of Europe - testimonial - Filip from Poland
Conference on the Future of Europe - testimonial - Filip from ...
4 Oct 2021
European Commission
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power EUSEW2021 | Polish project led by community leader paves the way for Baltic offshore energy
EUSEW2021 | Polish project led by community leader paves the w...
21 Sep 2021
euenergyweek
Play
environment Transport, air pollution and health in Poland
Transport, air pollution and health in Poland
17 Sep 2021
Health and Environme...
Play
agriculture Krzysztof Janiak - The role of innovation networking in the CAP Strategic Plan in Poland
Krzysztof Janiak - The role of innovation networking in the CA...
15 Sep 2021
EIP-AGRI Service Point
Play
agriculture Thematic session 2 - Q&A presentation 'innovation networking in the CAP SP in Poland - 3 June 2021
Thematic session 2 - Q&A presentation 'innovation networking i...
15 Sep 2021
EIP-AGRI Service Point
Play
foreign-affairs Commission asks top court to impose fine on Poland over failure to protect judicial independence
Commission asks top court to impose fine on Poland over failur...
7 Sep 2021
EU Reporter
Play
economics ?? ?? Polska i EBI
?? ?? Polska i EBI
7 Sep 2021
European Investment Bank
Play
humanrights FRA Director addresses virtual event for mayors in Poland
FRA Director addresses virtual event for mayors in Poland
27 Aug 2021
European Union Agenc...
Play
foreign-affairs Poland given to 16 August to comply with judgements of EU’s top court or face fines
Poland given to 16 August to comply with judgements of EU’s ...
20 Jul 2021
EU Reporter
Play
transport Alior + Jelgava: EE loans for buildings in Poland and refurbishment of multi-family blocks in Latvia
Alior + Jelgava: EE loans for buildings in Poland and refurbis...
30 Jun 2021
CINEA - European Com...
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employment Equal pay needs trade unions! All-Poland Alliance of Trade Unions (OPZZ), Poland
Equal pay needs trade unions! All-Poland Alliance of Trade Uni...
17 Jun 2021
ETUC CES
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environment Just Transition: Which role for the health sector in the energy transformation in Poland?
Just Transition: Which role for the health sector in the energ...
14 Jun 2021
Health and Environme...
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environment Coal-powered air pollution in Poland
Coal-powered air pollution in Poland
10 Jun 2021
Health and Environme...
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space Earth from Space: Warsaw, Poland
Earth from Space: Warsaw, Poland
4 Jun 2021
European Space Agenc...
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culture European Solidarity Centre - Permanent Exhibition, Gdańsk, POLAND
European Solidarity Centre - Permanent Exhibition, Gdańsk, POLAND
1 Jun 2021
Europa Nostra
European Solidarity Centre - Permanent Exhibition, Gda...
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economics ?? ?? Poland and the EIB (2021)
?? ?? Poland and the EIB (2021)
28 May 2021
European Investment Bank
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renewable Poland's 2021 June PV Auctions: What You Need to Know | Solarplaza Webinar
Poland's 2021 June PV Auctions: What You Need to Know | Solarp...
26 May 2021
Solarplaza
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renewable T.RE.ND talks 32: Christian Schnell (Solivan) on the Polish PV Market - Auction Impacts & Lessons
T.RE.ND talks 32: Christian Schnell (Solivan) on the Polish PV...
5 May 2021
Solarplaza
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security Learning Polish at NATO’s Battlegroup Poland ??
Learning Polish at NATO’s Battlegroup Poland ??
4 May 2021
NATO
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social Care Workers on the Coronavirus Frontline - Voice from the Pandemic - Poland Jurek Korczak
Care Workers on the Coronavirus Frontline - Voice from the Pan...
3 May 2021
Public Service
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social Care Workers on the Coronavirus Frontline - Voice from the Pandemic - Poland, Jurek_Korczak
Care Workers on the Coronavirus Frontline - Voice from the Pan...
29 Apr 2021
Public Service
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security 30 arrested in the Netherlands and Poland after 5,4 million counterfeit cigarettes seized
30 arrested in the Netherlands and Poland after 5,4 million co...
28 Apr 2021
EUROPOLtube
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social Care Workers on the Coronavirus Frontline (Polish) - Public Conference 4 May 2021
Care Workers on the Coronavirus Frontline (Polish) - Public Co...
22 Apr 2021
Public Service
Care Workers on the Coronavirus Frontline (Polish) - Pu...
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employment Fair Wages - Piotr Ostrowski - OPZZ Vice-President (Poland)
Fair Wages - Piotr Ostrowski - OPZZ Vice-President (Poland)
19 Apr 2021
ETUC CES
Fair Wages - Piotr Ostrowski - OPZZ Vice-President (Poland)
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culture Museum of Warsaw, European Museum of the Year (EMYA) 2020 Nominee
Museum of Warsaw, European Museum of the Year (EMYA) 2020 Nominee
13 Apr 2021
European Museum Forum
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culture Polish Song Museum, European Museum of the Year (EMYA) 2020 Nominee
Polish Song Museum, European Museum of the Year (EMYA) 2020 No...
13 Apr 2021
European Museum Forum
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environment Poland's climate and energy policy to 2030: what kind of action needed to protect health?
Poland's climate and energy policy to 2030: what kind of actio...
9 Apr 2021
Health and Environme...
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culture NOT ONLY JADE: LONG-SCALE CONNECTIONS REVEALED BY THE NEOLITHIC POLISHED STONE AXESOF CAPUT ADRIAE
NOT ONLY JADE: LONG-SCALE CONNECTIONS REVEALED BY THE NEOLITHI...
7 Apr 2021
European Association...
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foreign-affairs European Commission defends judicial independence taking aim at Poland's 'muzzle law'
European Commission defends judicial independence taking aim a...
31 Mar 2021
EU Reporter
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rural Poland long term vision of rural development 1
Poland long term vision of rural development 1
22 Mar 2021
EURural
Poland long term vision of rural development 1
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rural Poland's National Rural Network - Rural Vision Week Market Place Virtual Stall
Poland's National Rural Network - Rural Vision Week Market Pla...
22 Mar 2021
EURural
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regions European Entrepreneurial Region 2021 - Silesia regions, Poland
European Entrepreneurial Region 2021 - Silesia regions, Poland
18 Mar 2021
European Committee o...
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employment ETUC Webinar - Intervention by Mateusz Szymański (NSZZ Solidarność - Poland)
ETUC Webinar - Intervention by Mateusz Szymański (NSZZ Solida...
16 Mar 2021
ETUC CES
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environment Air pollution in Poland - DMSc Adam Stańczyk
Air pollution in Poland - DMSc Adam Stańczyk
16 Mar 2021
Health and Environme...
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environment Air pollution in Poland - Prof. Tadeusz Zielonka
Air pollution in Poland - Prof. Tadeusz Zielonka
16 Mar 2021
Health and Environme...
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renewable The Polish Solar PV Market: Outlook for the Years to Come | Solarplaza Webinar
The Polish Solar PV Market: Outlook for the Years to Come | So...
11 Mar 2021
Solarplaza
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security Meet Chico the dog ? - NATO battlegroup Poland's four-legged recruit
Meet Chico the dog ? - NATO battlegroup Poland's four-legged r...
5 Mar 2021
NATO
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institutions Visegrad Group
Visegrad Group
16 Feb 2021
Council of the EU
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renewable T.RE.ND talks 26: Anna Chmielewska (EBRD) on COVID-19, Market Drivers & Challenges in Poland
T.RE.ND talks 26: Anna Chmielewska (EBRD) on COVID-19, Market ...
10 Feb 2021
Solarplaza
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economics ENN Workshop - Warsaw, 21 September 2020
ENN Workshop - Warsaw, 21 September 2020
9 Feb 2021
Notaries of Europe
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development Poland Abortion Ban Is a Ban On Women's Rights
Poland Abortion Ban Is a Ban On Women's Rights
1 Feb 2021
Civil Liberties Unio...
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foreign-affairs The EU and Belarus in 2021
The EU and Belarus in 2021
27 Jan 2021
ECFR
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development Polish Women on Trial for LGBT Virgin Mary Posters
Polish Women on Trial for LGBT Virgin Mary Posters
19 Jan 2021
Civil Liberties Unio...
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institutions Coronavirus: Solidarity initiative in Krakow, Poland
Coronavirus: Solidarity initiative in Krakow, Poland
5 Jan 2021
European Commission
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social 2021 Access City Award Special Report Warsaw
2021 Access City Award Special Report Warsaw
11 Dec 2020
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justice Video withdrawal - advice from European Consumer Centre Poland
Video withdrawal - advice from European Consumer Centre Poland
4 Dec 2020
EU Justice and Consumers
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Poland Organisers More ...

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