The Political Stability Index and Absence of Violence/Terrorism measures perceptions of the likelihood that the government will be destabilized or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including politically-motivated violence and terrorism.
The Political Rights ratings from the Freedom House evaluate three categories: electoral process, political pluralism and participation, and the functioning of government. The index ranges from 1 (strong rights) to 7 (weak rights).
The Civil Liberties index from the Freedom House evaluate the following: freedom of expression and belief, associational and organizational rights, rule of law, and personal autonomy and individual rights. The rating ranges from 1 (strong liberties) to 7 (no liberties).
The Corruption Perceptions Index is an indicator of perceptions of public sector corruption, i.e. administrative and political corruption (based on information from surveys and assessments of corruption, collected by a variety of reputable institutions).
Total population is indicated in Millions and is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.
Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor (new investment inflows less disinvestment). Source: The World Bank.
Government debt includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government.
Capital investments are fixed assets including for example land improvements, plant, machinery, construction of roads, railways, schools, offices, hospitals, private residential, commercial and industrial buildings, etc.
Inflation as measured by the consumer price index reflects the annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly.
The Global Competitiveness index is composed of 12 pillars of competitiveness: Institutions, Infrastructure, ICT adoption, Macroeconomic stability, Health, Skills, Product market, Labor market, Financial system, market size, Business, dynamism, and Innovation capability.
Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D), expressed as a percent of GDP. They include both capital and current expenditures in the four main sectors: Business enterprise, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit.
The shadow economy as percent of total annual GDP. Detailed methodology of the estimations can be obtained from the following International Monetary Fund working paper by Leandro Medina and Friedrich Schneider (2018).
Level of current health expenditure expressed as a percentage of GDP. Estimates of current health expenditures include healthcare goods and services consumed during each year but does not include capital health expenditures such as buildings, machinery, IT and stocks of vaccines for emergency or outbreaks.
General government expenditure on education is expressed as a percentage of GDP. It includes expenditure funded by transfers from international sources to government. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.
Military spending includes expenditure on peacekeeping, defense ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities, military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions, operations and maintenance; procurement, military research and development, and military aid.
The cost of starting a business indicator includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law. The company law, the commercial code, and specific regulations and fee schedules are used as sources for calculating costs. Source: The World Bank.
Total tax rate measures the amount of taxes and mandatory contributions payable by businesses after accounting for allowable deductions and exemptions as a share of commercial profits. Personal income tax, VAT, sales taxes or goods and service taxes are excluded.
Tax payments by businesses are the total number of taxes paid by businesses, including electronic filing. The tax is counted as paid once a year even if payments are more frequent. Source: The World Bank.
Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years.
Internet users are individuals who have used the Internet (from any location) in the last 3 months. The Internet can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games machine, digital TV etc. Source: The World Bank.
Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens. Source: FAO
Average precipitation is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
The Road quality indicator represents an assessment of the quality of roads in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the roads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
The Quality of railroad infrastrucutre indicator represents an assessment of the quality of the railroad system in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the railroads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
The Quality of air transport infrastructure indicator represents an assessment of the quality of airports in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the passenger air transport in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Source: The World Bank.
Number of ATMs per 100,000 adults. Automated teller machines are computerized telecommunications devices that provide clients of a financial institution with access to financial transactions in a public place.
Analysis of people buried in one of the largest Middle Bronze Age urn cemeteries in Central Hungary reveals human mobility and the life history of a high-status woman and her two foetuses. PLOS-ONE https://t.co/JfsSczcB7Lhttps://t.co/5T1G6Oz3ZN
Hungary spends HUF 2,800 billion per year on the consequences of gender-based violence💸, @hvg_hu writes. According to our research, gender-based violence costs EUR 366 billion per year in the EU, with violence against women alone costing EUR 289 billion. https://t.co/VUwHkL8vJGhttps://t.co/4p8PAUonov
🏳️🌈 Condemnation of anti-LGBTQ legislation in Hungary ⚖️ Protection of fundamental values 🌱 Priorities for environmental policy These were only some of the things Parliament dealt with this week. Watch the video to find out more https://t.co/Vwsnstp1aL
Plenary session: MEPs criticised new LGBTIQ rules in Hungary, approved funds for migration measures as well as investments for transport, digital and energy projects. Check out our overview of this week's session → https://t.co/NZ78e8ESd6https://t.co/ssNnhqkDgH
On Wednesday morning, right after the 1st debate on the Council's conclusions, MEPs will discuss the breaches of EU law and of the rights of LGBTIQ citizens in Hungary as a result of the adopted legal changes in the Hungarian Parliament. 📺Watch LIVE: https://t.co/qB1ihO9ToChttps://t.co/e9Tdp4MAQy
Coming up: the rights of LGBTIQ people in Hungary, the Slovenian presidency’s priorities as well as the rule of law are some of the topics on Parliament’s agenda during this week's plenary session. Overview → https://t.co/gZttK6xHqyhttps://t.co/fCE5lNb9h6
"Instead of protecting children, new legal provisions adopted in Hungary will actually harm youth who identify as #LGBTIQ" The EESC strongly condemns a new attempt at stigmatising LGBTIQ persons and limiting freedom of education in the country Read more: https://t.co/n4eOvjvt0ohttps://t.co/enIRvA5ro7
As Hungary further targets the LGBTQI community, stadiums and buildings across Germany are lighting up with rainbows in solidarity. This is just one way Europeans—from sports fans to politicians—are affirming that the EU stands for equality. #EqualGamehttps://t.co/0TFAz16WcO
We strongly condemn the anti-LGBTQI law that passed last week by the Hungarian government. 🏳️🌈Tackling discrimination against #LGBTQI people must become a top priority. 🇪🇺Everybody in the European Union should be safe and free to be themselves! https://t.co/kOyx32R7hc
We’re happy to be investing in green Eurobond issue by real estate company CTP NV to increase the supply of green real-estate stocks across the EBRD regions Our investments support green plans in Hungary, Poland, Romania, Serbia and the Slovak Republic. https://t.co/HXc7ohjsKehttps://t.co/W5x0uw6zuL
🚨Thirteen EU Member States lambast Hungary's recent adoption of amendments which discriminate against #LGBTIQ persons, saying, “Inclusion, human dignity and equality are core values of our European Union and we cannot compromise on these principles” ➡️https://t.co/j9snJtu1buhttps://t.co/MPUKLhSYSC
🇭🇺Hungary took over the Chairmanship of our Committee of Ministers from 🇩🇪Germany in May. The city of @strasbourg marked the occasion today with a flag-raising ceremony. You can now ride in a tram with the colours of the Hungarian flag on it! 🌹💮🌿 https://t.co/vp1YAilT0Q
4th International Conference on Research in Social Sciences is a leading conference in politics, humanities, communications, law, education, and other areas of social sciences which will take place on the 06th-08th of August.
The 4th International Conference on Research in Business, Management and Economics (ICRBME) is the premier forum for the presentation of new advances and research results in business, management, and economics theory and practice.
Have you added the 4th International Conference on Advanced Research in Teaching and Education to your calendar? It will take place on the 06th -08th of August in the stunning capital city of Budapest, Hungary.
Budapest, 6 April 2018 – Yesterday major players in the electricity sector unveiled pioneering technologies to repower and improve the design, operation and maintenance of existing high voltage power lines. The brea...
In early October four REMOURBAN partners headed off to Budapest, Hungary, for the SCIS conference to meet with other Lighthouse and Smart Cities projects and help drive a smart and sustainable vision for Europe.
On a global scale, e-commerce is growing at a phenomenal rate . Global e-commerce sales are expected to reach $4 trillion in 2020, up from $1.6 trillion in 2016 1 . However, this study shows that the majority of EU di...
A few years ago, the European Union’s institutions promoted the goal of increasing the manufacturing sector’s share of EU value added to 20 percent. Meanwhile, the labels ‘made in Europe’ or ‘made in country...
Road freight vehicles are a key enabler of global economic activity and play an essential role in delivering all types of goods or commodities from their points of production to the factories and industries that use o...