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Belgium

EU Member State (Euro-Area)

Belgium IndicatorsMore ...

Belgium Happiness
Happiness

6.83

0 unhappy, 10 happy

The Happiness ranking is part of the World Happiness Report. The country scores are based on a survey in which respondents evaluate the quality of their current lives on a scale of 0 to 10.
Belgium Life expectancy
Life expectancy

81.75

years

Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Belgium Political stability
Political stability

0.59

-2.5 weak, 2.5 strong

The Political Stability Index and Absence of Violence/Terrorism measures perceptions of the likelihood that the government will be destabilized or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including politically-motivated violence and terrorism.
Belgium Political rights
Political rights

1

7 weak, 1 strong

The Political Rights ratings from the Freedom House evaluate three categories: electoral process, political pluralism and participation, and the functioning of government. The index ranges from 1 (strong rights) to 7 (weak rights).
Belgium Civil liberties
Civil liberties

1

7 weak, 1 strong

The Civil Liberties index from the Freedom House evaluate the following: freedom of expression and belief, associational and organizational rights, rule of law, and personal autonomy and individual rights. The rating ranges from 1 (strong liberties) to 7 (no liberties).
Belgium Corruption
Corruption

76

100 = no corruption

The Corruption Perceptions Index is an indicator of perceptions of public sector corruption, i.e. administrative and political corruption (based on information from surveys and assessments of corruption, collected by a variety of reputable institutions).
Belgium Population
Population

11.56

Million

Total population is indicated in Millions and is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.
Belgium Population growth
Population growth

0.58

% growth / year

Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Belgium Population density
Population density

382

People per square km

Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Belgium Urban population
Urban population

98.08

% of total population

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.
Belgium Migrant population
Migrant population

12

% of total

International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees.
Belgium Economic growth
Economic growth

-5.66

% of GDP

Economic growth is intended as the annual percentage growth rate of GDP at market prices based on constant local currency.
Belgium Foreign Direct Investment
Foreign Direct Investment

-5.64

% of GDP

Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor (new investment inflows less disinvestment). Source: The World Bank.
Belgium Exports
Exports

80.58

% of GDP

Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. Source: The World Bank
Belgium Government debt
Government debt

114.10

% of GDP

Government debt includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government.
Belgium Capital investment
Capital investment

24.16

% of GDP

Capital investments are fixed assets including for example land improvements, plant, machinery, construction of roads, railways, schools, offices, hospitals, private residential, commercial and industrial buildings, etc.
Belgium Inflation
Inflation

0.7

% yearly change

Inflation as measured by the consumer price index reflects the annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly.
Belgium Competitiveness
Competitiveness

76.40

0 weak, 100 strong

The Global Competitiveness index is composed of 12 pillars of competitiveness: Institutions, Infrastructure, ICT adoption, Macroeconomic stability, Health, Skills, Product market, Labor market, Financial system, market size, Business, dynamism, and Innovation capability.
Belgium R&D
R&D

2.77

% of GDP

Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D), expressed as a percent of GDP. They include both capital and current expenditures in the four main sectors: Business enterprise, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit.
Belgium Shadow economy
Shadow economy

17.80

% of GDP

The shadow economy as percent of total annual GDP. Detailed methodology of the estimations can be obtained from the following International Monetary Fund working paper by Leandro Medina and Friedrich Schneider (2018).
Belgium Health spending
Health spending

10.32

% of GDP

Level of current health expenditure expressed as a percentage of GDP. Estimates of current health expenditures include healthcare goods and services consumed during each year but does not include capital health expenditures such as buildings, machinery, IT and stocks of vaccines for emergency or outbreaks.
Belgium Education spending
Education spending

6.38

% of GDP

General government expenditure on education is expressed as a percentage of GDP. It includes expenditure funded by transfers from international sources to government. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.
Belgium Military spending
Military spending

1.08

% of GDP

Military spending includes expenditure on peacekeeping, defense ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities, military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions, operations and maintenance; procurement, military research and development, and military aid.
Belgium Unemployment
Unemployment

5.55

% of labor force

Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Belgium Females unemployment
Females unemployment

4.93

% of female labor force

Female unemployment refers to the share of the female labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Belgium Males unemployment
Males unemployment

5.73

% of male labor force

Male unemployment refers to the share of the male labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Belgium Youth unemployment
Youth unemployment

14.25

% of 15-24 labor force

Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Belgium Cost of starting a business
Cost of starting a business

5.30

% of income per capita

The cost of starting a business indicator includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law. The company law, the commercial code, and specific regulations and fee schedules are used as sources for calculating costs. Source: The World Bank.
Belgium Tax rate
Tax rate

55.40

% of commercial profits

Total tax rate measures the amount of taxes and mandatory contributions payable by businesses after accounting for allowable deductions and exemptions as a share of commercial profits. Personal income tax, VAT, sales taxes or goods and service taxes are excluded.
Belgium Number of taxes paid by businesses
Number of taxes paid by businesses

11

Tax payments by businesses are the total number of taxes paid by businesses, including electronic filing. The tax is counted as paid once a year even if payments are more frequent. Source: The World Bank.
Belgium Patent applications
Patent applications

876

by residents

Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years.
Belgium Internet users
Internet users

91.52

% of population

Internet users are individuals who have used the Internet (from any location) in the last 3 months. The Internet can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games machine, digital TV etc. Source: The World Bank.
Belgium Land area
Land area

30280

sq. km

Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
Belgium Agricultural land
Agricultural land

13540

sq. km.

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Source: FAO.
Belgium Forest area
Forest area

6893.0

sq. km

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens. Source: FAO
Belgium Precipitation
Precipitation

847

mm per year

Average precipitation is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
Belgium Roads quality
Roads quality

4.40

1 low, 7 high

The Road quality indicator represents an assessment of the quality of roads in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the roads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Belgium Railroads quality
Railroads quality

4.10

1 low, 7 high

The Quality of railroad infrastrucutre indicator represents an assessment of the quality of the railroad system in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the railroads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Belgium Air transport quality
Air transport quality

5.60

1 low, 7 high

The Quality of air transport infrastructure indicator represents an assessment of the quality of airports in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the passenger air transport in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Belgium Energy imports
Energy imports

80.09

% total energy use

Net energy imports are estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Source: The World Bank
Belgium Oil production
Oil production

0.00

thousand barrels / day

Oil production, thousand barrels per day
Belgium Renewable power capacity
Renewable power capacity

11.47

million kilowatts

Total capacity to produce electricity from renewable resources in million kilowatts.
Belgium Carbon dioxide emissions
Carbon dioxide emissions

8.18

metric tons per capita

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Source: The World Bank.
Belgium Bank branches
Bank branches

32.39

per 100,000 people

Number of commercial bank branches per 100,000 adults.
Belgium ATMs
ATMs

75.19

per 100,000 adults

Number of ATMs per 100,000 adults. Automated teller machines are computerized telecommunications devices that provide clients of a financial institution with access to financial transactions in a public place.
Belgium Homicides
Homicides

1.7

per 100,000 people

Number of homicides per 100,000 people per year.
Belgium Robberies
Robberies

167

per 100,000 people

Number of robberies per 100,000 people per year.
Belgium Suicides
Suicides

18.30

per 100,000 population

Suicide mortality rate is the number of suicide deaths in a year per 100,000 population.
Belgium Prisoners
Prisoners

88

per 100,000 people

Number of prisoners per 100,000 people.

Belgium News More ...

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Belgium Publications More ...

A Brussels-Based Dictatorship or a Paradise of Subsidiarity? N...
A Brussels-Based Dictatorship or a Paradise of Subsidiarity? National Prerogatives and EU Migration Policy
Read
Become an ULaaDS follower city and visit Mechelen!
The ULaaDS team is now recruiting 2 Follower cities to participate in a two-day study visit in Mechelen on May 16-17!
Read
Any post-Frost return to ‘diplomacy’ will still leave UK b...
Any post-Frost return to ‘diplomacy’ will still leave UK business to fend for themselves in Brussels
Read
Impacts de la zone de Basses Emissions de Bruxelles sur les é...
Impacts de la zone de Basses Emissions de Bruxelles sur les émissions des véhicules légers (voitures et camionnettes)
Read
Future of Europe - A Brussels-Based Dictatorship or a Paradise...
Future of Europe - A Brussels-Based Dictatorship or a Paradise of Subsidiarity? National Prerogatives and EU Migration Policy
Read
Blue-Green Cities in the Spotlight: GHENT
The BEGIN project's Blue-Green Cities in the Spotlight series sets out to demonstrate the multiple benefits of Blue-Green Infrastructure (BGI) for European cities; reduced flood risk, enhanced biodiversity and improve...
Read
EU “Sanctions” and Russian Manoeuvring: Why Brussels Needs...
EU “Sanctions” and Russian Manoeuvring: Why Brussels Needs to Stay its Course while Shifting Gears
Read
Active Building Energy Performance Contracts: an overview of p...
Active Building Energy Performance Contracts: an overview of policies and measures in place in Belgium, Spain, Italy and Portugal
Read
Blue-Green Cities in the Spotlight: ANTWERP
The BEGIN project's Blue-Green Cities in the Spotlight series sets out to demonstrate the multiple benefits of Blue-Green Infrastructure (BGI) for European cities; reduced flood risk, enhanced biodiversity and improve...
Read
Smart city projects share policy recommendations in Brussels
During the European Week of Regions and Cities, the first three Smart Cities and Communities projects GrowSmarter, Remourban and Triangulum, funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Progra...
Read
“From Dream to Reality” Leading Smart City projects to Sh...
On 8 October 2019, from 14:30-17:00, the first three Smart Cities and Communities projects GrowSmarter, Remourban and Triangulum, funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme, are ho...
Read
The BRICKER video
Public buildings typically use 40% more energy than the residential sector. Therefore, energy efficiency is essential to EU energy policy.
Read
European Leadership through Disruptive Technologies - Future a...
The “European Leadership through Disruptive Technologies” event will present Future and Emerging Technologies as a catalyst for disruptive research and a basis for radical innovations. The event, organized by the ...
Read
REMOURBAN and fellow projects in Brussels for a series of smar...
On 26 January 2018 representatives of 40 cities sat around the table at the Innovation and Networks Executive Agency (INEA) with industry representatives and experts to ensure that the €263.84 million invested by th...
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International praise for CITyFiED innovation and impact contin...
CITyFiED is honoured to be recognised as a leading international example of “innovative and influential” work in urban transformation by a panel of global city leaders. The awards are set to take place at the Smar...
Read
The fight on plastics heats up in the EU
The new year has put plastic bags centre-stage in Europe. New measures in Italy and Greece to fight the use of non-biodegradable bags have sparked heated debates, while the EU has launched its ambitious Plastics Strategy
Read
All you need is batteries
Researchers and industry representatives have discussed the development of new battery technologies. The goal? Turning Europe into a key player in the global energy market
Read
Households poised to become energy dealers
A more flexible grid will give room to more market players trading renewables. It can also lead to a fair price for the electricity
Read
An Operational Anthropogenic CO2 emissions Monitoring & Verifi...
An Operational Anthropogenic CO2 emissions Monitoring & Verification Support Capacity
Read
From laboratory to road: a 2017 update of official and real-wo...
From laboratory to road: a 2017 update of official and real-world fuel consumption and co2 values for passenger cars in Europe
Read
European Parliament urges the Commission to put data protectio...
European Parliament urges the Commission to put data protection before trade interests
Read
The article 29 working party guidelines on automated individua...
The article 29 working party guidelines on automated individual decision-making and profiling under the GDPR
Read

Belgium VideosMore ...

water Water Market Europe 2022 event in Brussels - Marketplace
Water Market Europe 2022 event in Brussels - Marketplace
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environment Belgium: We consume tropical forests the size of the Brussels region each year
Belgium: We consume tropical forests the size of the Brussels ...
16 May 2022
The WWFEU European P...
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security HR/VP Josep Borrell Opening remarks | Brussels VI Conference | 10/05/2022
HR/VP Josep Borrell Opening remarks | Brussels VI Conference |...
11 May 2022
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Play
security HR/VP Josep Borrell Press remarks | Brussels VI Conference | 10/05/2022
HR/VP Josep Borrell Press remarks | Brussels VI Conference | 1...
11 May 2022
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institutions Brussels Economic Forum 2022 – DIGITAL
Brussels Economic Forum 2022 – DIGITAL
10 May 2022
European Commission
Play
institutions Brussels Economic Forum 2022 – GREEN
Brussels Economic Forum 2022 – GREEN
10 May 2022
European Commission
Play
institutions Brussels Economic Forum 2022 – FAIR
Brussels Economic Forum 2022 – FAIR
10 May 2022
European Commission
Play
institutions Brussels Economic Forum 2022 – YOUNG
Brussels Economic Forum 2022 – YOUNG
10 May 2022
European Commission
Play
homeaffairs Attracting Skills and Talent to the European Union: testimonials from Germany and Belgium
Attracting Skills and Talent to the European Union: testimonia...
2 May 2022
DG Migration and Hom...
Play
institutions Solidarity with Ukraine: testimonial from Antoine, Belgium
Solidarity with Ukraine: testimonial from Antoine, Belgium
29 Apr 2022
European Commission
Play
culture Ghent University Museum (GUM), EMYA2022 Nominee
Ghent University Museum (GUM), EMYA2022 Nominee
21 Apr 2022
European Museum Forum
Play
energy Belgium 2022: Energy Policy Review
Belgium 2022: Energy Policy Review
20 Apr 2022
International Energy...
Play
climate Ghent en Garde | Narrated by Nikolaj Coster-Waldau | UN Climate Change
Ghent en Garde | Narrated by Nikolaj Coster-Waldau | UN Climat...
18 Apr 2022
UN Climate Change
Play
regions Smart Regions : Un centre cofinancé par l’UE fournit des soins de santé dans la région de Bruxelles
Smart Regions : Un centre cofinancé par l’UE fournit des so...
13 Apr 2022
EUinmyRegion
Play
regions Smart Regions: An EU co-funded project provides social services and healthcare in Brussels
Smart Regions: An EU co-funded project provides social service...
12 Apr 2022
EUinmyRegion
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environment WWF: Together4Forests street art in Brussels comes alive (augmented reality)
WWF: Together4Forests street art in Brussels comes alive (augm...
1 Apr 2022
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culture Belgium National Committee of the Blue Shield, March 2022
Belgium National Committee of the Blue Shield, March 2022
31 Mar 2022
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regions Stories from the regions: A much-needed daycare centre for young children emerges in Brussels
Stories from the regions: A much-needed daycare centre for you...
31 Mar 2022
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regions 🇪🇺 is Cohesion: A participatory rooftop farm in Brussels 👉
🇪🇺 is Cohesion: A participatory rooftop farm in Brussels 👉
25 Mar 2022
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rural Making LEADER principles work in Flanders - Wouter Peeters, Managing Authority, Belgium Flanders
Making LEADER principles work in Flanders - Wouter Peeters, Ma...
21 Mar 2022
EURural
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institutions Solidarity with Ukraine: testimonial from Natalia, Belgium
Solidarity with Ukraine: testimonial from Natalia, Belgium
21 Mar 2022
European Commission
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environment WWF: New Brussels street art highlights EU-driven forest destruction
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15 Mar 2022
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environment New Together for Forests Street Art in Brussels
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medicine Belgium ERN ReCONNET National Hub
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10 Mar 2022
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institutions Solidarity with Ukraine: testimonial from Brussels
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24 Feb 2022
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education EU Industry days 2022, Belgium, day 3 Session 11: Erasmus with a heijker
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agriculture Anne-Catherine, Belgium - #RuralYouth4EU
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20 Jan 2022
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2 Dec 2021
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