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Belgium

EU Member State (Euro-Area)

Belgium Indicators

Happiness

6.83

0 unhappy, 10 happy

2020
The Happiness ranking is part of the World Happiness Report. The country scores are based on a survey in which respondents evaluate the quality of their current lives on a scale of 0 to 10.
Life expectancy

81.75

years

2019
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Political stability

0.48

-2.5 weak, 2.5 strong

2019
The Political Stability Index and Absence of Violence/Terrorism measures perceptions of the likelihood that the government will be destabilized or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including politically-motivated violence and terrorism.
Political rights

1

7 weak, 1 strong

2020
The Political Rights ratings from the Freedom House evaluate three categories: electoral process, political pluralism and participation, and the functioning of government. The index ranges from 1 (strong rights) to 7 (weak rights).
Civil liberties

1

7 weak, 1 strong

2020
The Civil Liberties index from the Freedom House evaluate the following: freedom of expression and belief, associational and organizational rights, rule of law, and personal autonomy and individual rights. The rating ranges from 1 (strong liberties) to 7 (no liberties).
Corruption

75

100 = no corruption

2019
The Corruption Perceptions Index is an indicator of perceptions of public sector corruption, i.e. administrative and political corruption (based on information from surveys and assessments of corruption, collected by a variety of reputable institutions).
Population

11.50

Million

2019
Total population is indicated in Millions and is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.
Population growth

0.51

% growth / year

2018
Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Population density

377

People per square km

2018
Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Urban population

98.04

% of total population

2019
Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.
Migrant population

12

% of total

2015
International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees.
Economic growth

1.74

% of GDP

2019
Economic growth is intended as the annual percentage growth rate of GDP at market prices based on constant local currency.
Foreign Direct Investment

-5.43

% of GDP

2019
Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor (new investment inflows less disinvestment). Source: The World Bank.
Exports

81.84

% of GDP

2019
Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. Source: The World Bank
Government debt

114.10

% of GDP

2020
Government debt includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government.
Capital investment

24.95

% of GDP

2019
Capital investments are fixed assets including for example land improvements, plant, machinery, construction of roads, railways, schools, offices, hospitals, private residential, commercial and industrial buildings, etc.
Inflation

0.7

% yearly change

2020
Inflation as measured by the consumer price index reflects the annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly.
Competitiveness

76.40

0 weak, 100 strong

2019
The Global Competitiveness index is composed of 12 pillars of competitiveness: Institutions, Infrastructure, ICT adoption, Macroeconomic stability, Health, Skills, Product market, Labor market, Financial system, market size, Business, dynamism, and Innovation capability.
R&D

2.82

% of GDP

2018
Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D), expressed as a percent of GDP. They include both capital and current expenditures in the four main sectors: Business enterprise, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit.
Shadow economy

17.80

% of GDP

2015
The shadow economy as percent of total annual GDP. Detailed methodology of the estimations can be obtained from the following International Monetary Fund working paper by Leandro Medina and Friedrich Schneider (2018).
Health spending

10.32

% of GDP

2018
Level of current health expenditure expressed as a percentage of GDP. Estimates of current health expenditures include healthcare goods and services consumed during each year but does not include capital health expenditures such as buildings, machinery, IT and stocks of vaccines for emergency or outbreaks.
Education spending

6.41

% of GDP

2017
General government expenditure on education is expressed as a percentage of GDP. It includes expenditure funded by transfers from international sources to government. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.
Military spending

0.93

% of GDP

2019
Military spending includes expenditure on peacekeeping, defense ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities, military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions, operations and maintenance; procurement, military research and development, and military aid.
Unemployment

6.01

% of labor force

2020
Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Females unemployment

4.93

% of female labor force

2019
Female unemployment refers to the share of the female labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Males unemployment

5.73

% of male labor force

2019
Male unemployment refers to the share of the male labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Youth unemployment

14.25

% of 15-24 labor force

2019
Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Cost of starting a business

5.30

% of income per capita

2019
The cost of starting a business indicator includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law. The company law, the commercial code, and specific regulations and fee schedules are used as sources for calculating costs. Source: The World Bank.
Tax rate

55.40

% of commercial profits

2019
Total tax rate measures the amount of taxes and mandatory contributions payable by businesses after accounting for allowable deductions and exemptions as a share of commercial profits. Personal income tax, VAT, sales taxes or goods and service taxes are excluded.
Number of taxes paid by businesses

11

2019
Tax payments by businesses are the total number of taxes paid by businesses, including electronic filing. The tax is counted as paid once a year even if payments are more frequent. Source: The World Bank.
Patent applications

876

by residents

2019
Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years.
Internet users

90.37

% of population

2019
Internet users are individuals who have used the Internet (from any location) in the last 3 months. The Internet can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games machine, digital TV etc. Source: The World Bank.
Land area

30280

sq. km

2018
Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
Agricultural land

13540

sq. km.

2018
Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Source: FAO.
Forest area

6893.0

sq. km

2018
Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens. Source: FAO
Precipitation

847

mm per year

2017
Average precipitation is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
Roads quality

4.40

1 low, 7 high

2019
The Road quality indicator represents an assessment of the quality of roads in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the roads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Railroads quality

4.10

1 low, 7 high

2019
The Quality of railroad infrastrucutre indicator represents an assessment of the quality of the railroad system in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the railroads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Air transport quality

5.60

1 low, 7 high

2019
The Quality of air transport infrastructure indicator represents an assessment of the quality of airports in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the passenger air transport in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Energy imports

80.09

% total energy use

2015
Net energy imports are estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Source: The World Bank
Oil production

0.00

thousand barrels / day

2020
Oil production, thousand barrels per day
Renewable power capacity

9.49

million kilowatts

2019
Total capacity to produce electricity from renewable resources in million kilowatts.
Carbon dioxide emissions

8.55

metric tons per capita

2016
Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Source: The World Bank.
Bank branches

34.81

per 100,000 people

2017
Number of commercial bank branches per 100,000 adults.
ATMs

80.97

per 100,000 adults

2018
Number of ATMs per 100,000 adults. Automated teller machines are computerized telecommunications devices that provide clients of a financial institution with access to financial transactions in a public place.
Homicides

1.7

per 100,000 people

2017
Number of homicides per 100,000 people per year.
Robberies

167

per 100,000 people

2017
Number of robberies per 100,000 people per year.
Suicides

18.30

per 100,000 population

2019
Suicide mortality rate is the number of suicide deaths in a year per 100,000 population.
Prisoners

88

per 100,000 people

2017
Number of prisoners per 100,000 people.

Belgium News More ...

Belgium EventsMore ...

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Belgium Publications More ...

Future of Europe - A Brussels-Based Dictatorship or a Paradise...
Future of Europe - A Brussels-Based Dictatorship or a Paradise of Subsidiarity? National Prerogatives and EU Migration Policy
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Blue-Green Cities in the Spotlight: GHENT
The BEGIN project's Blue-Green Cities in the Spotlight series sets out to demonstrate the multiple benefits of Blue-Green Infrastructure (BGI) for European cities; reduced flood risk, enhanced biodiversity and improve...
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EU “Sanctions” and Russian Manoeuvring: Why Brussels Needs...
EU “Sanctions” and Russian Manoeuvring: Why Brussels Needs to Stay its Course while Shifting Gears
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Active Building Energy Performance Contracts: an overview of p...
Active Building Energy Performance Contracts: an overview of policies and measures in place in Belgium, Spain, Italy and Portugal
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Blue-Green Cities in the Spotlight: ANTWERP
The BEGIN project's Blue-Green Cities in the Spotlight series sets out to demonstrate the multiple benefits of Blue-Green Infrastructure (BGI) for European cities; reduced flood risk, enhanced biodiversity and improve...
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Smart city projects share policy recommendations in Brussels
During the European Week of Regions and Cities, the first three Smart Cities and Communities projects GrowSmarter, Remourban and Triangulum, funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Progra...
Read
“From Dream to Reality” Leading Smart City projects to Sh...
On 8 October 2019, from 14:30-17:00, the first three Smart Cities and Communities projects GrowSmarter, Remourban and Triangulum, funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme, are ho...
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The BRICKER video
Public buildings typically use 40% more energy than the residential sector. Therefore, energy efficiency is essential to EU energy policy.
Read
European Leadership through Disruptive Technologies - Future a...
The “European Leadership through Disruptive Technologies” event will present Future and Emerging Technologies as a catalyst for disruptive research and a basis for radical innovations. The event, organized by the ...
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REMOURBAN and fellow projects in Brussels for a series of smar...
On 26 January 2018 representatives of 40 cities sat around the table at the Innovation and Networks Executive Agency (INEA) with industry representatives and experts to ensure that the €263.84 million invested by th...
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International praise for CITyFiED innovation and impact contin...
CITyFiED is honoured to be recognised as a leading international example of “innovative and influential” work in urban transformation by a panel of global city leaders. The awards are set to take place at the Smar...
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The fight on plastics heats up in the EU
The new year has put plastic bags centre-stage in Europe. New measures in Italy and Greece to fight the use of non-biodegradable bags have sparked heated debates, while the EU has launched its ambitious Plastics Strategy
Read
All you need is batteries
Researchers and industry representatives have discussed the development of new battery technologies. The goal? Turning Europe into a key player in the global energy market
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Households poised to become energy dealers
A more flexible grid will give room to more market players trading renewables. It can also lead to a fair price for the electricity
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An Operational Anthropogenic CO2 emissions Monitoring & Verifi...
An Operational Anthropogenic CO2 emissions Monitoring & Verification Support Capacity
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Demand-Side Policies to Accelerate the Transition to Ultrafast...
Demand-Side Policies to Accelerate the Transition to Ultrafast Broadband
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From laboratory to road: a 2017 update of official and real-wo...
From laboratory to road: a 2017 update of official and real-world fuel consumption and co2 values for passenger cars in Europe
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European Parliament urges the Commission to put data protectio...
European Parliament urges the Commission to put data protection before trade interests
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The article 29 working party guidelines on automated individua...
The article 29 working party guidelines on automated individual decision-making and profiling under the GDPR
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Would you like to draw by just using words?
The MUSE project seeks to turn the spoken word into computer generated visual narratives
Read
Retrofitting public buildings: where public procurement and in...
In recent years, the word “smart” has started rolling off the tongues and keyboards of policy makers in many areas of our global village. The building and construction sector is no stranger to this word as EU dire...
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6 Sep 2021
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institutions Visit of President von der Leyen to Rochefort and Pepinster in Belgium
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19 Jul 2021
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science B1MG Finland visit | Genomics in Belgium
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5 Jul 2021
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institutions Brussels Economic Forum 2021 - Opening adress by President von der Leyen
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29 Jun 2021
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institutions Press conference onNextGenerationEU and the national Recovery and Resilience Plan in Belgium
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23 Jun 2021
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institutions Coming up in Brussels: A prize for journalism, the Climate Law and help for regions
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21 Jun 2021
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employment #EqualPay needs trade unions - Demonstration in Brussels
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18 Jun 2021
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training Green Skills Award finalists: Label Emmaus - FRANCE and BELGIUM
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15 Jun 2021
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institutions Brussels Economic Forum 2021 – Making it happen: Building the new economy we want
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European Commission
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social Electric car charging journey in Belgium, Italy, Portugal, and Spain.
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14 Jun 2021
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security NATO2030 at Brussels Forum, 14 JUN 2021
NATO2030 at Brussels Forum, 14 JUN 2021
14 Jun 2021
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institutions Future of Schengen - Testimonial from Belgium
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9 Jun 2021
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justice 2. Demystifying the Brussels bubble - Award for Good Administration 2021
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3 Jun 2021
European Ombudsman
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science B1MG UK visit | Belgium — bringing together healthcare & research
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2 Jun 2021
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home-affairs Future of Schengen - Belgium
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culture Gare Maritime, Brussels, BELGIUM
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1 Jun 2021
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air Open Day SAFIR at Port of Antwerp
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regions Smart Regions: Antwerp is home to Europe’s biggest concrete 3D printer, can print a house in 3 weeks
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institutions Making it happen: Building the new economy we want - Brussels Economic Forum 2021
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cities Ghent - URBACT Network - How to end structural homelessness?
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institutions Highlight - President von der Leyen visits the Pfizer Global Manufacturing site in Puurs, Belgium
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social Unlocking new economic thinking | Presentation by Barabara Trachte, Brussels Secretary of state
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23 Apr 2021
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institutions President von der Leyen visits the Pfizer Global Manufacturing site in Puurs, Belgium
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9 Feb 2021
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institutions Video message on the International Human Fraternity Day
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4 Feb 2021
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social PRODEC session
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27 Jan 2021
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institutions Video message on the occasion of the Holocaust Remembrance Day
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27 Jan 2021
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institutions Highlights: President Von der Leyen on the inauguration of the new President of the US
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