We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. We may also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners. Read more about our Privacy Policy.

I got it!

Latvia

EU Member State (Euro-Area)

Latvia Indicators

Happiness

6.03

0 unhappy, 10 happy

2020
The Happiness ranking is part of the World Happiness Report. The country scores are based on a survey in which respondents evaluate the quality of their current lives on a scale of 0 to 10.
Life expectancy

75.24

years

2019
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Political stability

0.45

-2.5 weak, 2.5 strong

2019
The Political Stability Index and Absence of Violence/Terrorism measures perceptions of the likelihood that the government will be destabilized or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including politically-motivated violence and terrorism.
Political rights

1

7 weak, 1 strong

2020
The Political Rights ratings from the Freedom House evaluate three categories: electoral process, political pluralism and participation, and the functioning of government. The index ranges from 1 (strong rights) to 7 (weak rights).
Civil liberties

2

7 weak, 1 strong

2020
The Civil Liberties index from the Freedom House evaluate the following: freedom of expression and belief, associational and organizational rights, rule of law, and personal autonomy and individual rights. The rating ranges from 1 (strong liberties) to 7 (no liberties).
Corruption

56

100 = no corruption

2019
The Corruption Perceptions Index is an indicator of perceptions of public sector corruption, i.e. administrative and political corruption (based on information from surveys and assessments of corruption, collected by a variety of reputable institutions).
Population

1.91

Million

2019
Total population is indicated in Millions and is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.
Population growth

-0.78

% growth / year

2018
Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Population density

31

People per square km

2018
Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Urban population

68.22

% of total population

2019
Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.
Migrant population

13

% of total

2015
International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees.
Economic growth

2.05

% of GDP

2019
Economic growth is intended as the annual percentage growth rate of GDP at market prices based on constant local currency.
Foreign Direct Investment

3.11

% of GDP

2019
Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor (new investment inflows less disinvestment). Source: The World Bank.
Exports

60.13

% of GDP

2019
Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. Source: The World Bank
Government debt

43.50

% of GDP

2020
Government debt includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government.
Capital investment

22.38

% of GDP

2019
Capital investments are fixed assets including for example land improvements, plant, machinery, construction of roads, railways, schools, offices, hospitals, private residential, commercial and industrial buildings, etc.
Inflation

0.2

% yearly change

2020
Inflation as measured by the consumer price index reflects the annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly.
Competitiveness

67.00

0 weak, 100 strong

2019
The Global Competitiveness index is composed of 12 pillars of competitiveness: Institutions, Infrastructure, ICT adoption, Macroeconomic stability, Health, Skills, Product market, Labor market, Financial system, market size, Business, dynamism, and Innovation capability.
R&D

0.63

% of GDP

2018
Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D), expressed as a percent of GDP. They include both capital and current expenditures in the four main sectors: Business enterprise, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit.
Shadow economy

16.62

% of GDP

2015
The shadow economy as percent of total annual GDP. Detailed methodology of the estimations can be obtained from the following International Monetary Fund working paper by Leandro Medina and Friedrich Schneider (2018).
Health spending

6.19

% of GDP

2018
Level of current health expenditure expressed as a percentage of GDP. Estimates of current health expenditures include healthcare goods and services consumed during each year but does not include capital health expenditures such as buildings, machinery, IT and stocks of vaccines for emergency or outbreaks.
Education spending

4.40

% of GDP

2017
General government expenditure on education is expressed as a percentage of GDP. It includes expenditure funded by transfers from international sources to government. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.
Military spending

2.03

% of GDP

2019
Military spending includes expenditure on peacekeeping, defense ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities, military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions, operations and maintenance; procurement, military research and development, and military aid.
Unemployment

8.19

% of labor force

2020
Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Females unemployment

5.43

% of female labor force

2019
Female unemployment refers to the share of the female labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Males unemployment

7.20

% of male labor force

2019
Male unemployment refers to the share of the male labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Youth unemployment

12.48

% of 15-24 labor force

2019
Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Cost of starting a business

1.50

% of income per capita

2019
The cost of starting a business indicator includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law. The company law, the commercial code, and specific regulations and fee schedules are used as sources for calculating costs. Source: The World Bank.
Tax rate

38.10

% of commercial profits

2019
Total tax rate measures the amount of taxes and mandatory contributions payable by businesses after accounting for allowable deductions and exemptions as a share of commercial profits. Personal income tax, VAT, sales taxes or goods and service taxes are excluded.
Number of taxes paid by businesses

7

2019
Tax payments by businesses are the total number of taxes paid by businesses, including electronic filing. The tax is counted as paid once a year even if payments are more frequent. Source: The World Bank.
Patent applications

82

by residents

2019
Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years.
Internet users

86.14

% of population

2019
Internet users are individuals who have used the Internet (from any location) in the last 3 months. The Internet can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games machine, digital TV etc. Source: The World Bank.
Land area

62090

sq. km

2018
Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
Agricultural land

19380

sq. km.

2018
Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Source: FAO.
Forest area

34030.5

sq. km

2018
Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens. Source: FAO
Precipitation

667

mm per year

2017
Average precipitation is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
Roads quality

3.60

1 low, 7 high

2019
The Road quality indicator represents an assessment of the quality of roads in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the roads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Railroads quality

4.60

1 low, 7 high

2019
The Quality of railroad infrastrucutre indicator represents an assessment of the quality of the railroad system in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the railroads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Air transport quality

5.70

1 low, 7 high

2019
The Quality of air transport infrastructure indicator represents an assessment of the quality of airports in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the passenger air transport in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Energy imports

45.16

% total energy use

2014
Net energy imports are estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Source: The World Bank
Oil production

0.00

thousand barrels / day

2020
Oil production, thousand barrels per day
Renewable power capacity

1.80

million kilowatts

2019
Total capacity to produce electricity from renewable resources in million kilowatts.
Carbon dioxide emissions

3.57

metric tons per capita

2016
Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Source: The World Bank.
Bank branches

16.43

per 100,000 people

2017
Number of commercial bank branches per 100,000 adults.
ATMs

58.28

per 100,000 adults

2019
Number of ATMs per 100,000 adults. Automated teller machines are computerized telecommunications devices that provide clients of a financial institution with access to financial transactions in a public place.
Homicides

4.2

per 100,000 people

2017
Number of homicides per 100,000 people per year.
Robberies

31

per 100,000 people

2017
Number of robberies per 100,000 people per year.
Suicides

20.10

per 100,000 population

2019
Suicide mortality rate is the number of suicide deaths in a year per 100,000 population.
Prisoners

193

per 100,000 people

2017
Number of prisoners per 100,000 people.

Latvia News More ...

Latvia EventsMore ...

Latvia Publications More ...

Concern for irrigation, drainage and other water management me...
Concern for irrigation, drainage and other water management measures in national recovery and resilience plans
Read
The Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) recognizes that sustainable development cannot be achieved by adding a layer of risk management upon ‘business- as-usual’ development. Instead, meani...
Read
Adolescent obesity and related behaviours: trends and inequali...
Adolescent obesity and related behaviours: trends and inequalities in the WHO European Region, 2002–2014
Read
Administrative data collection on rape, femicide and intimate ...
Administrative data collection on rape, femicide and intimate partner violence in EU Member States
Read
The ranking shows that only three countries in Europe push in the right direction to deliver on the Paris climate agreement. Sweden tops the list, followed by Germany and France. Sweden scores the highest among all E...
Read
Since the economic crisis in 2008, austerity has slowed the growth of wages in European countries. In the vast majority of EU countries, wage are stagnating or even decreasing.
Read
Transposition - it’s not enough, not enough, not enough: the chorus of a song written by our colleague Peter Vajda on a tune by Manic Street Preachers for the Secretariat’s occasional camp fire retreats in the ...
Read
In recent years, violent extremism and terrorist attacks have surged across Europe and are posinga threat not only to the safety of its citizens but also to its fundamental values of freedom,democracy, equality, respe...
Read
‘Smart defense’ and ‘interoperability’: the future of ...
‘Smart defense’ and ‘interoperability’: the future of defense policy in Europe
Read
Following the publication of the EU Global Strategy on Foreign and Security Policy (EUGS), at-tention now turns to implementing the strategy in five key priority areas: strengthening security and defence; investin...
Read
NATO’s New Frontlines - New Frontlines Security and Deterren...
NATO’s New Frontlines - New Frontlines Security and Deterrence in the Baltic Sea Region
Read
Levelling food price volatility, while supporting the poor
Food crises leave the poor in desperation for a long time. To calm the dreadful effects of weather and climate disasters as well as food price volatility it is better if governments forget about managing prices and in...
Read
National Student Fee and Support Systems in European Higher Ed...
National Student Fee and Support Systems in European Higher Education 2015/16
Read
The EU Global Strategy and Defence: The Challenge of Thinking...
The EU Global Strategy and Defence: The Challenge of Thinking Strategically about Means
Read
The EU Regular Economic Report (RER) is a periodic publication of the World Bank Group and covers economic developments and prospects, as well as economic policies in the European Union.
Read
Regulation of Labour Market Intermediaries and the Role Of Soc...
Regulation of Labour Market Intermediaries and the Role Of Social Partners in Preventing Trafficking of Labour
Read
Climate's Enfants Terribles: How New Member States Misguid...
Climate's Enfants Terribles: How New Member States Misguided Use Of EU Funds Is Holding Back Europe's Clean Energy Transition
Read

Latvia VideosMore ...

transport ACCELERATE SUNSHINE: The challenge of introducing energy performance contracting in Latvia
ACCELERATE SUNSHINE: The challenge of introducing energy perfo...
30 Jun 2021
CINEA - European Com...
Play
transport Alior + Jelgava: EE loans for buildings in Poland and refurbishment of multi-family blocks in Latvia
Alior + Jelgava: EE loans for buildings in Poland and refurbis...
30 Jun 2021
CINEA - European Com...
Play
science B1MG Estonia visit | Genomics in Latvia 🇱🇻
B1MG Estonia visit | Genomics in Latvia 🇱🇻
10 Jun 2021
ELIXIR Europe
Play
cities Adopt a monument in Tampere: an ancient firefighting hut adopted by a fire brigade
Adopt a monument in Tampere: an ancient firefighting hut adopt...
10 May 2021
Eurocities
Play
culture TRACING THE CHANGES: LATE PALAEOLITHIC AND EARLY MESOLITHIC LITHIC PROJECTILE POINTS IN LATVIA
TRACING THE CHANGES: LATE PALAEOLITHIC AND EARLY MESOLITHIC LI...
28 Mar 2021
European Association...
Play
cities Latvian State Employment Agency
Latvian State Employment Agency
1 Mar 2021
Eurocities
Play
agriculture Grower experiences of using regulated deficit irrigation on poinsettia crops
Grower experiences of using regulated deficit irrigation on po...
22 Jan 2021
AHDB Horticulture
Play
foreign-affairs Dreaming of green fields
Dreaming of green fields
17 Dec 2020
EU NEIGHBOURS
Play
foreign-affairs Dreaming of green fields - trailer
Dreaming of green fields - trailer
17 Dec 2020
EU NEIGHBOURS
Play
agriculture Application of regulated deficit irrigation at Staplehurst Nurseries
Application of regulated deficit irrigation at Staplehurst Nur...
7 Dec 2020
AHDB Horticulture
Play
security #OSCEMC20 Statement by the Head of the Delegation of Latvia
#OSCEMC20 Statement by the Head of the Delegation of Latvia
3 Dec 2020
The Organization for...
Play
digital Online seminar - Benefits for the Latvian economy&business from the EU Public Procurement Part I
Online seminar - Benefits for the Latvian economy&business fro...
3 Dec 2020
berec.europa.eu
Play
digital Online seminar - Benefits for the Latvian economy&business from the EU Public Procurement Part II
Online seminar - Benefits for the Latvian economy&business fro...
3 Dec 2020
berec.europa.eu
Play
digital Online seminar - Benefits for the Latvian economy&business from the EU Public Procurement Part III
Online seminar - Benefits for the Latvian economy&business fro...
3 Dec 2020
berec.europa.eu
Play
digital Online seminar - Benefits for the Latvian economy&business from the EU Public Procurement Part IV
Online seminar - Benefits for the Latvian economy&business fro...
3 Dec 2020
berec.europa.eu
Play
digital Online seminar - Benefits for the Latvian economy&business from the EU Public Procurement Part V
Online seminar - Benefits for the Latvian economy&business fro...
3 Dec 2020
berec.europa.eu
Play
digital Online seminar - Benefits for the Latvian economy&business from the EU Public Procurement Part VI
Online seminar - Benefits for the Latvian economy&business fro...
3 Dec 2020
berec.europa.eu
Play
digital Online seminar - Benefits for the Latvian economy&business from the EU Public Procurement Part VII
Online seminar - Benefits for the Latvian economy&business fro...
3 Dec 2020
berec.europa.eu
Play
digital Online seminar - Benefits for the Latvian economy&business from the EU Public Procurement Part VIII
Online seminar - Benefits for the Latvian economy&business fro...
3 Dec 2020
berec.europa.eu
Play
security Missile defence training in Latvia
Missile defence training in Latvia
27 Nov 2020
NATO
Play
migration Avaliação de idade para crianças
Avaliação de idade para crianças
20 Nov 2020
EASOChannel
Play
food EIT Food Foresight commented by expert from Latvia Daniels Jelisejevs
EIT Food Foresight commented by expert from Latvia Daniels Jel...
18 Nov 2020
EIT Food
Play
institutions Special video message by President von der Leyen to the Riga Conference 2020
Special video message by President von der Leyen to the Riga C...
13 Nov 2020
European Commission
Play
institutions Press statement by President von der Leyen
Press statement by President von der Leyen
2 Oct 2020
European Commission
Play
water Operationalizing Farmer Led Irrigation: Implementers Dialogue
Operationalizing Farmer Led Irrigation: Implementers Dialogue
27 Aug 2020
Global Water Partnership
Play
security UK troops from NATO eFP Battlegroup Estonia train in Latvia
UK troops from NATO eFP Battlegroup Estonia train in Latvia
11 Aug 2020
NATO
Play
digital Does the P2B apply to you? An explainer for businesses (Latvian subtitles)
Does the P2B apply to you? An explainer for businesses (Latvia...
11 Aug 2020
Digital Single Market
Play
security Saving lives on the battlefield – the Boxer ATV ambulance
Saving lives on the battlefield – the Boxer ATV ambulance
23 Jul 2020
NATO
Play
security The Montenegrin🇲🇪 recon team - #WeAreNATO
The Montenegrin🇲🇪 recon team - #WeAreNATO
13 Jul 2020
NATO
Play
foreign-affairs Belarus: The people of Kamieniec in safer hands thanks to new EU-funded fire station
Belarus: The people of Kamieniec in safer hands thanks to new ...
12 Jul 2020
EU NEIGHBOURS
Play
regions Stories from the Regions: VEF Culture Palace in Riga, Latvia
Stories from the Regions: VEF Culture Palace in Riga, Latvia
27 May 2020
EUinmyRegion
Play
education Evidence-based approaches to learning and teaching - Mihai Gîrţu and Nora Jansone-Ratinika
Evidence-based approaches to learning and teaching - Mihai Gî...
14 May 2020
European University ...
Play
science #shareEGU20: US4 Communicating A Global Climate Crisis: why haven’t we called the fire brigade…?
#shareEGU20: US4 Communicating A Global Climate Crisis: why ha...
11 May 2020
European Geosciences...
Play
air Air traffic situation over Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia - 20 April 2020 vs 22 April 2019
Air traffic situation over Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia - 20 ...
8 May 2020
EUROCONTROLTV
Play
air Air traffic situation over Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia - 22 April 2020 vs 24 April 2019
Air traffic situation over Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia - 22 ...
8 May 2020
EUROCONTROLTV
Play
security Married to the Navy: Maria’s story - #WeAreNATO
Married to the Navy: Maria’s story - #WeAreNATO
8 May 2020
NATO
Play
security NATO Battlegroup Latvia maintains readiness
NATO Battlegroup Latvia maintains readiness
28 Apr 2020
NATO
Play
institutions EU Datathon Testimonial #2: Lucas Paul Basios
EU Datathon Testimonial #2: Lucas Paul Basios
15 Apr 2020
PublicationsOffice
Play
science EU funding dramatically changing innovation in Latvia
EU funding dramatically changing innovation in Latvia
9 Mar 2020
euronews Knowledge
Play
environment Introducing the BRIGAID Market Analysis Framework (MAF+)
Introducing the BRIGAID Market Analysis Framework (MAF+)
5 Mar 2020
Ecologic Institute
Play
institutions Keeping the family together on the farm
Keeping the family together on the farm
5 Mar 2020
European Parliament
Play
space EGNOS cases: air Baltic
EGNOS cases: air Baltic
4 Mar 2020
European GNSS Agency
Play
environment The BRIGAID Project: A validated approach to develop climate adaptation innovations
The BRIGAID Project: A validated approach to develop climate a...
13 Feb 2020
Ecologic Institute
Play
institutions Irrigation in EU agriculture [Policy Podcast]
Irrigation in EU agriculture [Policy Podcast]
16 Dec 2019
European Parliamenta...
Play
security Access of Moldovan farmers to their farmlands
Access of Moldovan farmers to their farmlands
16 Dec 2019
The Organization for...
Play
security Accesul fermierilor moldoveni la terenurile lor agricole
Accesul fermierilor moldoveni la terenurile lor agricole
16 Dec 2019
The Organization for...
Play
food Hygenic Design in Food Processing Environments Event- Daniel Carrigan Interview
Hygenic Design in Food Processing Environments Event- Daniel C...
13 Dec 2019
IFST
Play
regions Making education more attractive for kids! (Interreg Estonia-Latvia) social media episode
Making education more attractive for kids! (Interreg Estonia-L...
10 Dec 2019
EUinmyRegion
Play
security #OSCEMC19 First Plenary Session: Latvia
#OSCEMC19 First Plenary Session: Latvia
5 Dec 2019
The Organization for...
Play
regions Smart Regions: making education attractive for kids (Interreg Estonia-Latvia) - full episode
Smart Regions: making education attractive for kids (Interreg ...
5 Dec 2019
EUinmyRegion
Play

Latvia Organisers More ...

Open
Open
Open
Open
Open
Open
Open
Open
Open