The Political Stability Index and Absence of Violence/Terrorism measures perceptions of the likelihood that the government will be destabilized or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including politically-motivated violence and terrorism.
The Political Rights ratings from the Freedom House evaluate three categories: electoral process, political pluralism and participation, and the functioning of government. The index ranges from 1 (strong rights) to 7 (weak rights).
The Civil Liberties index from the Freedom House evaluate the following: freedom of expression and belief, associational and organizational rights, rule of law, and personal autonomy and individual rights. The rating ranges from 1 (strong liberties) to 7 (no liberties).
The Corruption Perceptions Index is an indicator of perceptions of public sector corruption, i.e. administrative and political corruption (based on information from surveys and assessments of corruption, collected by a variety of reputable institutions).
Total population is indicated in Millions and is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.
Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor (new investment inflows less disinvestment). Source: The World Bank.
Government debt includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government.
Capital investments are fixed assets including for example land improvements, plant, machinery, construction of roads, railways, schools, offices, hospitals, private residential, commercial and industrial buildings, etc.
Inflation as measured by the consumer price index reflects the annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly.
The Global Competitiveness index is composed of 12 pillars of competitiveness: Institutions, Infrastructure, ICT adoption, Macroeconomic stability, Health, Skills, Product market, Labor market, Financial system, market size, Business, dynamism, and Innovation capability.
Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D), expressed as a percent of GDP. They include both capital and current expenditures in the four main sectors: Business enterprise, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit.
The shadow economy as percent of total annual GDP. Detailed methodology of the estimations can be obtained from the following International Monetary Fund working paper by Leandro Medina and Friedrich Schneider (2018).
Level of current health expenditure expressed as a percentage of GDP. Estimates of current health expenditures include healthcare goods and services consumed during each year but does not include capital health expenditures such as buildings, machinery, IT and stocks of vaccines for emergency or outbreaks.
General government expenditure on education is expressed as a percentage of GDP. It includes expenditure funded by transfers from international sources to government. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.
Military spending includes expenditure on peacekeeping, defense ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities, military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions, operations and maintenance; procurement, military research and development, and military aid.
The cost of starting a business indicator includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law. The company law, the commercial code, and specific regulations and fee schedules are used as sources for calculating costs. Source: The World Bank.
Total tax rate measures the amount of taxes and mandatory contributions payable by businesses after accounting for allowable deductions and exemptions as a share of commercial profits. Personal income tax, VAT, sales taxes or goods and service taxes are excluded.
Tax payments by businesses are the total number of taxes paid by businesses, including electronic filing. The tax is counted as paid once a year even if payments are more frequent. Source: The World Bank.
Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years.
Internet users are individuals who have used the Internet (from any location) in the last 3 months. The Internet can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games machine, digital TV etc. Source: The World Bank.
Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens. Source: FAO
Average precipitation is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
The Road quality indicator represents an assessment of the quality of roads in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the roads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
The Quality of railroad infrastrucutre indicator represents an assessment of the quality of the railroad system in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the railroads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
The Quality of air transport infrastructure indicator represents an assessment of the quality of airports in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the passenger air transport in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Source: The World Bank.
Number of ATMs per 100,000 adults. Automated teller machines are computerized telecommunications devices that provide clients of a financial institution with access to financial transactions in a public place.
ğ·ğ¼The highest increases in #employment rate in Q2 2021 compared with Q1 2021 in the #EU were recorded in: ğ¸ğ® Slovenia (+2.8 pp) ğ¬ğ· Greece (+2.1 pp) ğ§ğª Belgium and ğ±ğº Luxembourg (both +1.5 pp) Decreases in: ğªğª Estonia (-1.4 pp) ğ·ğ´ Romania (-0.3 pp) ğhttps://t.co/0CmlRWRbKIhttps://t.co/Uo3Q6nS9zE
These solar powered holiday homes in Estonia ğªğªnot only look beautiful but have produced 22,000 kWh clean energy over last 10 months & saved 11 tonnes of CO2!âï¸ Solar rooftops can produce 680 TWh of clean electricityâequal to 25% of EU electricity demand! #COP26#SolutionSolarhttps://t.co/YbMSXkJnwI
Estoniaâs #NextGenenerationEU plan will also take steps to reinforce economic and social resilience. ğ¥ Improving access to health care ğ Incentivising youth employment through wage and training support ğ¢ Reinforcing the competitiveness of Estonian companies. #MakeItRealhttps://t.co/uuDAxueBCF
In 2019, 5ï¸â£9ï¸â£% of pupils in upper secondary general education studied two or more foreign languages in the EU. Highest: ğ±ğº Luxembourg, ğ«ğ· France 100% ğªğª Estonia, ğ·ğ´ Romania, ğ¨ğ¿ Czechia, ğ«ğ® Finland 99% ğ¸ğ° Slovakia 98% ğğ· Croatia 95% ğ¸ğ® Slovenia 92% ğ https://t.co/JouQe6Zyqghttps://t.co/EVQ0p2BKTz
As the Award winners of the #ILUCIDARESpecialPrizes 2020, were celebrated in an online Ceremony last year, we are delighted to have them with us in Venice to hand them their awards in person. Congratulationsğ ğµArchaeology for a young future ğ£TYPA-Estonian Print & Paper Museum https://t.co/QJGxkcatkt
ğIn the EU in 2019, the highest shares of passenger cars 20 years or older were in: ğµğ±Poland: 37.9% ğªğªEstonia: 31.5% ğ«ğ®Finland: 26.9% Highest shares of cars less than 2 years old in: ğ®ğªIreland: 28.8% ğ±ğºLuxembourg: 23.7% ğ§ğªBelgium: 22.9% ğhttps://t.co/bXRIAdVd7A#WorldCarFreeDayhttps://t.co/6WXyyOGC5L
We've adopted a new country strategy for ?? Estonia for the period 2021-26 with two priorities: *Support Estoniaâs green economy transition * Foster Estoniaâs knowledge economy Building green and resilient economies! https://t.co/DAb6dOwVyrhttps://t.co/rHsY1XhCh6
Supported by #EMFF ??, the Estonian ?? #fisheries administration developed #Perk - a smart way ? for fishers to access electronic reporting. The outcome? Easier data submission on catches & fishing activities ?, improved quota monitoring & better control! #CFPhttps://t.co/qsAwA76mb6
? The share of people drinking #sugar-sweetened soft drinks daily in 2019 was highest in: ?? Belgium (20.4% of population aged 15 and over) and ?? Malta (12.4%) Lowest in: ?? Estonia (2.4%) and ?? Lithuania (2.7%) How about your country â? â¹ï¸ https://t.co/tllemhWuoLhttps://t.co/uPMouyThyN
In Q1 2021, highest #employment rates: ?? the Netherlands (81.0%) ?? Sweden (79.5%) ?? Czechia & ?? Estonia ( both 79.4%). Lowest: ?? Greece (58.3%) ?? Italy (61.1%) & ?? Spain (66.6%) â¹ï¸ To find out more about employment rate and labour market slack: https://t.co/lPUFyHeqnohttps://t.co/1sRZ21PaQr
In one unusual case, an inventive swimmer crossed a lake that forms the border between Russia and Estonia dragging along more than a dozen bags full of illegal cigarettes, assisted by a small electric engine. #Arktos#EMPACThttps://t.co/9eqvLG5WGJ
#TBT to things that are 10 years old: ??? Estonia joined the Eurozone â½ï¸?? Japan won the FIFA Women's World Cup and of course ???? The EU-Korea Trade Agreement, which we celebrate today?? Where were you 10 years ago? https://t.co/Yx8yQq3By3
Tere, Eesti! ?? Â We woke up with great news from our #LIFEproject LIFE IP CleanEST - they've installed Estonia's first floating islands! ? Â The 1ï¸â£1ï¸â£ plants installed on these islands will clean water bodies, contributing to the aquatic environment ? https://t.co/pgobHpZ2P2https://t.co/yvglnMqs6d
Road freight vehicles are a key enabler of global economic activity and play an essential role in delivering all types of goods or commodities from their points of production to the factories and industries that use o...
The ranking shows that only three countries in Europe push in the right direction to deliver on the Paris climate agreement. Sweden tops the list, followed by Germany and France. Sweden scores the highest among all E...
Global oil and gas upstream investment fell by 25% in 2015 and by another 26% in 2016, affecting the major oil companies and smaller independents alike. In 2017 there are modest signs of recovery led by higher investm...