The Political Stability Index and Absence of Violence/Terrorism measures perceptions of the likelihood that the government will be destabilized or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including politically-motivated violence and terrorism.
The Political Rights ratings from the Freedom House evaluate three categories: electoral process, political pluralism and participation, and the functioning of government. The index ranges from 1 (strong rights) to 7 (weak rights).
The Civil Liberties index from the Freedom House evaluate the following: freedom of expression and belief, associational and organizational rights, rule of law, and personal autonomy and individual rights. The rating ranges from 1 (strong liberties) to 7 (no liberties).
The Corruption Perceptions Index is an indicator of perceptions of public sector corruption, i.e. administrative and political corruption (based on information from surveys and assessments of corruption, collected by a variety of reputable institutions).
Total population is indicated in Millions and is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.
Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor (new investment inflows less disinvestment). Source: The World Bank.
Government debt includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government.
Capital investments are fixed assets including for example land improvements, plant, machinery, construction of roads, railways, schools, offices, hospitals, private residential, commercial and industrial buildings, etc.
Inflation as measured by the consumer price index reflects the annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly.
The Global Competitiveness index is composed of 12 pillars of competitiveness: Institutions, Infrastructure, ICT adoption, Macroeconomic stability, Health, Skills, Product market, Labor market, Financial system, market size, Business, dynamism, and Innovation capability.
Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D), expressed as a percent of GDP. They include both capital and current expenditures in the four main sectors: Business enterprise, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit.
Level of current health expenditure expressed as a percentage of GDP. Estimates of current health expenditures include healthcare goods and services consumed during each year but does not include capital health expenditures such as buildings, machinery, IT and stocks of vaccines for emergency or outbreaks.
General government expenditure on education is expressed as a percentage of GDP. It includes expenditure funded by transfers from international sources to government. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.
Military spending includes expenditure on peacekeeping, defense ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities, military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions, operations and maintenance; procurement, military research and development, and military aid.
The cost of starting a business indicator includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law. The company law, the commercial code, and specific regulations and fee schedules are used as sources for calculating costs. Source: The World Bank.
Total tax rate measures the amount of taxes and mandatory contributions payable by businesses after accounting for allowable deductions and exemptions as a share of commercial profits. Personal income tax, VAT, sales taxes or goods and service taxes are excluded.
Tax payments by businesses are the total number of taxes paid by businesses, including electronic filing. The tax is counted as paid once a year even if payments are more frequent. Source: The World Bank.
Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years.
Internet users are individuals who have used the Internet (from any location) in the last 3 months. The Internet can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games machine, digital TV etc. Source: The World Bank.
Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens. Source: FAO
The Road quality indicator represents an assessment of the quality of roads in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the roads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
The Quality of railroad infrastrucutre indicator represents an assessment of the quality of the railroad system in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the railroads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
The Quality of air transport infrastructure indicator represents an assessment of the quality of airports in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the passenger air transport in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Source: The World Bank.
Number of ATMs per 100,000 adults. Automated teller machines are computerized telecommunications devices that provide clients of a financial institution with access to financial transactions in a public place.
🇷🇸🏺From the discovery of the old foundations of the church to its complete reconstruction...⛪️Our latest feature article guides you through the fascinating recovery of the medieval Serbian chapel of St Despot Stefan. 📷Don't miss the before and after👉https://t.co/izVMn7Yqudhttps://t.co/GdbvJATBGS
Our next all service demonstration takes place on Thursday 19 May at 15:00 BST. Come along to see how our different membership options and new services can help you achieve compliance and avoid unnecessary costs. Register here: https://t.co/HrS0yttM4Nhttps://t.co/BJDUwMsLeR
Historic moment #ForNature 🦅 A black vulture chick has hatched 🐣 in the Western Balkan Mountains - the second to be born in 🇧🇬 in almost 30 years! Learn how this achievement will contribute to the reintroduction of the species in the country 👉 https://t.co/EL9rrfQq8Uhttps://t.co/Zq7LxHHMaV
Team Europe at work! #SecurityEU We held fruitful technical talks in 🇲🇰 and 🇽🇰 on implementation of EU-Western Balkans Action Plan on Counter-terrorism📌https://t.co/hTd3wFzStv This visit followed our discussions in 🇷🇸 this April, ahead of upcoming talks in 🇲🇪 later in June. https://t.co/GdZrpM4ldy
🚘How to put brakes on stolen vehicle crime? 🚘 Send in the #Frontex standing corps! 👮👮♀️ 🚨Two Italian Frontex officers working at the Albania-Montenegro and Serbia-North Macedonia border managed to identify 50 stolen cars worth more than a million euros in the past 12 months https://t.co/w3mJIdLERH
Together w/ @minfinlux we are supporting small businesses in the Western Balkans. Thanks to their new €1 million contribution to #SBIF, we help even more start-ups grow through our Star Venture programme and will launch a new Succession Planning advisory product in the region. https://t.co/O8JmrC17Y0
From Africa to Asia, from Americas to Western Balkans, join us at the EEAS for a tour around the 🌍 world. 🎵 Listen to concerts, talk to an Ambassador, take a photo to take home: our doors are open and we are waiting for you! #EuropeDayhttps://t.co/mbMkqfYkga
The European Commission will present on Thursday, 12 May 2022 from 11.30 its two proposals for a Regulation and a Directive on the digitalisation of cross-border judicial cooperation.JURI and LIBE Committees are treating this package under the joint procedure of Rule 58 RoP. This Exchange ...
The 🇪🇺 is committed to advancing labour rights & promoting the best possible working conditions for people in the 🇪🇺 & beyond. This #WorkersDay takes place against a backdrop of war. We are focusing our efforts on integrating people fleeing #Ukraine into the 🇪🇺's labour market. https://t.co/43SL8VbCaD
Our next all service demonstration takes place on Thursday 5 May at 09:00 BST. Come along to see how our different membership options and new services can help you achieve compliance and avoid unnecessary costs. Register here: https://t.co/HrS0yttM4Nhttps://t.co/7yQ58Hi6Dz
The Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis surprised the United Nations Climate Action Summit in New York by announcing the end of the use of coal by 2028 and the dismantling of plants. This is our report from Weste...
The Balkans region is a European refuge of clean and wild rivers and lakes. But during the last fifteen years it has been under increased pressure from plans to build thousands of hydropower plants. 1 While most of th...