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Serbia

EU Candidate Country

Serbia IndicatorsMore ...

Serbia Happiness
Happiness

6.08

0 unhappy, 10 happy

The Happiness ranking is part of the World Happiness Report. The country scores are based on a survey in which respondents evaluate the quality of their current lives on a scale of 0 to 10.
Serbia Life expectancy
Life expectancy

75.69

years

Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Serbia Political stability
Political stability

-0.09

-2.5 weak, 2.5 strong

The Political Stability Index and Absence of Violence/Terrorism measures perceptions of the likelihood that the government will be destabilized or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including politically-motivated violence and terrorism.
Serbia Political rights
Political rights

4

7 weak, 1 strong

The Political Rights ratings from the Freedom House evaluate three categories: electoral process, political pluralism and participation, and the functioning of government. The index ranges from 1 (strong rights) to 7 (weak rights).
Serbia Civil liberties
Civil liberties

3

7 weak, 1 strong

The Civil Liberties index from the Freedom House evaluate the following: freedom of expression and belief, associational and organizational rights, rule of law, and personal autonomy and individual rights. The rating ranges from 1 (strong liberties) to 7 (no liberties).
Serbia Corruption
Corruption

38

100 = no corruption

The Corruption Perceptions Index is an indicator of perceptions of public sector corruption, i.e. administrative and political corruption (based on information from surveys and assessments of corruption, collected by a variety of reputable institutions).
Serbia Population
Population

6.91

Million

Total population is indicated in Millions and is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.
Serbia Population growth
Population growth

-0.53

% growth / year

Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Serbia Population density
Population density

79

People per square km

Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Serbia Urban population
Urban population

56.45

% of total population

Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.
Serbia Migrant population
Migrant population

9

% of total

International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees.
Serbia Economic growth
Economic growth

-0.94

% of GDP

Economic growth is intended as the annual percentage growth rate of GDP at market prices based on constant local currency.
Serbia Foreign Direct Investment
Foreign Direct Investment

8.29

% of GDP

Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor (new investment inflows less disinvestment). Source: The World Bank.
Serbia Exports
Exports

47.99

% of GDP

Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. Source: The World Bank
Serbia Government debt
Government debt

57.50

% of GDP

Government debt includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government.
Serbia Capital investment
Capital investment

24.20

% of GDP

Capital investments are fixed assets including for example land improvements, plant, machinery, construction of roads, railways, schools, offices, hospitals, private residential, commercial and industrial buildings, etc.
Serbia Inflation
Inflation

1.6

% yearly change

Inflation as measured by the consumer price index reflects the annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly.
Serbia Competitiveness
Competitiveness

60.90

0 weak, 100 strong

The Global Competitiveness index is composed of 12 pillars of competitiveness: Institutions, Infrastructure, ICT adoption, Macroeconomic stability, Health, Skills, Product market, Labor market, Financial system, market size, Business, dynamism, and Innovation capability.
Serbia R&D
R&D

0.92

% of GDP

Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D), expressed as a percent of GDP. They include both capital and current expenditures in the four main sectors: Business enterprise, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit.
Serbia Health spending
Health spending

8.54

% of GDP

Level of current health expenditure expressed as a percentage of GDP. Estimates of current health expenditures include healthcare goods and services consumed during each year but does not include capital health expenditures such as buildings, machinery, IT and stocks of vaccines for emergency or outbreaks.
Serbia Education spending
Education spending

3.62

% of GDP

General government expenditure on education is expressed as a percentage of GDP. It includes expenditure funded by transfers from international sources to government. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.
Serbia Military spending
Military spending

2.11

% of GDP

Military spending includes expenditure on peacekeeping, defense ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities, military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions, operations and maintenance; procurement, military research and development, and military aid.
Serbia Unemployment
Unemployment

9.01

% of labor force

Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Serbia Females unemployment
Females unemployment

11.08

% of female labor force

Female unemployment refers to the share of the female labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Serbia Males unemployment
Males unemployment

9.85

% of male labor force

Male unemployment refers to the share of the male labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Serbia Youth unemployment
Youth unemployment

27.12

% of 15-24 labor force

Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Serbia Cost of starting a business
Cost of starting a business

2.30

% of income per capita

The cost of starting a business indicator includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law. The company law, the commercial code, and specific regulations and fee schedules are used as sources for calculating costs. Source: The World Bank.
Serbia Tax rate
Tax rate

36.60

% of commercial profits

Total tax rate measures the amount of taxes and mandatory contributions payable by businesses after accounting for allowable deductions and exemptions as a share of commercial profits. Personal income tax, VAT, sales taxes or goods and service taxes are excluded.
Serbia Number of taxes paid by businesses
Number of taxes paid by businesses

33

Tax payments by businesses are the total number of taxes paid by businesses, including electronic filing. The tax is counted as paid once a year even if payments are more frequent. Source: The World Bank.
Serbia Patent applications
Patent applications

168

by residents

Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years.
Serbia Internet users
Internet users

78.37

% of population

Internet users are individuals who have used the Internet (from any location) in the last 3 months. The Internet can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games machine, digital TV etc. Source: The World Bank.
Serbia Land area
Land area

87460

sq. km

Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
Serbia Agricultural land
Agricultural land

34640

sq. km.

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Source: FAO.
Serbia Forest area
Forest area

27226.5

sq. km

Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens. Source: FAO
Serbia Roads quality
Roads quality

3.50

1 low, 7 high

The Road quality indicator represents an assessment of the quality of roads in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the roads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Serbia Railroads quality
Railroads quality

2.60

1 low, 7 high

The Quality of railroad infrastrucutre indicator represents an assessment of the quality of the railroad system in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the railroads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Serbia Air transport quality
Air transport quality

4.30

1 low, 7 high

The Quality of air transport infrastructure indicator represents an assessment of the quality of airports in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the passenger air transport in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Serbia Energy imports
Energy imports

28.78

% total energy use

Net energy imports are estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Source: The World Bank
Serbia Oil production
Oil production

16.30

thousand barrels / day

Oil production, thousand barrels per day
Serbia Renewable power capacity
Renewable power capacity

2.93

million kilowatts

Total capacity to produce electricity from renewable resources in million kilowatts.
Serbia Carbon dioxide emissions
Carbon dioxide emissions

6.52

metric tons per capita

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Source: The World Bank.
Serbia Bank branches
Bank branches

27.60

per 100,000 people

Number of commercial bank branches per 100,000 adults.
Serbia ATMs
ATMs

50.34

per 100,000 adults

Number of ATMs per 100,000 adults. Automated teller machines are computerized telecommunications devices that provide clients of a financial institution with access to financial transactions in a public place.
Serbia Homicides
Homicides

1.1

per 100,000 people

Number of homicides per 100,000 people per year.
Serbia Robberies
Robberies

26

per 100,000 people

Number of robberies per 100,000 people per year.
Serbia Suicides
Suicides

11.40

per 100,000 population

Suicide mortality rate is the number of suicide deaths in a year per 100,000 population.
Serbia Prisoners
Prisoners

123

per 100,000 people

Number of prisoners per 100,000 people.

Serbia News More ...

Serbia Publications More ...

How do migration, human capital and the labour market interact...
How do migration, human capital and the labour market interact in the Western Balkans?
Read
Flagships or red flags? Risks of proposed flagship infrastruct...
Flagships or red flags? Risks of proposed flagship infrastructure projects under the Economic and Investment Plan for the Western Balkans
Read
War in Ukraine: is the EU ready and able to project power in t...
War in Ukraine: is the EU ready and able to project power in the western balkans and the eastern neighbourhood?
Read
Corrosive Capital in the Western Balkans: An Analysis of Four ...
Corrosive Capital in the Western Balkans: An Analysis of Four High Impact Chinese Investments
Read
Between Democracy and Authoritarianismin - Central & Eastern E...
Between Democracy and Authoritarianismin - Central & Eastern Europe and the Western Balkans
Read
Comply Or Close - How Western Balkan Coal Plants Breach Air Po...
Comply Or Close - How Western Balkan Coal Plants Breach Air Pollution Laws And What Governments Must Do About It 2020
Read
COMPLY OR CLOSEDecember 2019How Western Balkan coal plants bre...
COMPLY OR CLOSEDecember 2019How Western Balkan coal plants breach air pollution laws and what governments must do about it
Read
Greece is first Balkan country to announce a coal phase-out da...
The Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis surprised the United Nations Climate Action Summit in New York by announcing the end of the use of coal by 2028 and the dismantling of plants. This is our report from Weste...
Read
Experiences with Chinese investment in the Western Balkans and...
Experiences with Chinese investment in the Western Balkans and the post-Soviet space: Lessons for Central Europe?
Read
Establishing a transport community between the European union ...
Establishing a transport community between the European union and the western Balkans 2017
Read
The Balkans region is a European refuge of clean and wild rivers and lakes. But during the last fifteen years it has been under increased pressure from plans to build thousands of hydropower plants. 1 While most of th...
Read
Towards a Smart Staff Retention Policy for the Sustainable EU ...
Towards a Smart Staff Retention Policy for the Sustainable EU Integration of Serbia
Read

Serbia VideosMore ...

security HR/VP Doorstep ahead of the Informal Dinner with Western Balkans Leaders | 11/05/2022
HR/VP Doorstep ahead of the Informal Dinner with Western Balka...
13 May 2022
European External Ac...
Play
culture ICOMOS OCD-RBA Heritage Thursdays l Session 4: Africa: the right to heritage
ICOMOS OCD-RBA Heritage Thursdays l Session 4: Africa: the rig...
28 Apr 2022
ICOMOS
Play
culture National Museum in Belgrade, EMYA2022 Nominee
National Museum in Belgrade, EMYA2022 Nominee
21 Apr 2022
European Museum Forum
Play
[TALKING GEOPOLITICS] With Igor Bandović on War in Ukraine and Its Impact on the Western Balkans
[TALKING GEOPOLITICS] With Igor Bandović on War in Ukraine an...
12 Apr 2022
Vocal Europe
Play
security HR/VP Visit to the Western Balkans, 14-16 March 2022 | Wrap-up
HR/VP Visit to the Western Balkans, 14-16 March 2022 | Wrap-up
22 Mar 2022
European External Ac...
Play
development We planted 1000 trees in Western Balkans
We planted 1000 trees in Western Balkans
14 Mar 2022
European Bank for Re...
Play
culture EYP Executive Director Anya Suprunenko addresses the European Youth Parliament in Novi Sad
EYP Executive Director Anya Suprunenko addresses the European ...
11 Mar 2022
European Youth Parli...
EYP Executive Director Anya Suprunenko addresses the Eu...
Play
development Western Balkans Investment Summit 2022
Western Balkans Investment Summit 2022
28 Feb 2022
European Bank for Re...
Play
security Kosovo and the Stability in the Western Balkans
Kosovo and the Stability in the Western Balkans
17 Feb 2022
Austrian Institute F...
Play
Western Balkans: A perspective from Europe & Italy | Una prospettiva dall’Europa e dall’Italia
Western Balkans: A perspective from Europe & Italy | Una prosp...
25 Jan 2022
ECFR
Play
training Closing video - How labour markets, human capital and migration interact in the Western Balkans
Closing video - How labour markets, human capital and migratio...
21 Jan 2022
European Training Fo...
Play
training Video 3 - How labour markets, human capital and migration interact in the Western Balkans
Video 3 - How labour markets, human capital and migration inte...
21 Jan 2022
European Training Fo...
Play
training Video 2 - How labour markets, human capital and migration interact in the Western Balkans
Video 2 - How labour markets, human capital and migration inte...
21 Jan 2022
European Training Fo...
Play
training Opening video - How labour markets, human capital and migration interact in the Western Balkans
Opening video - How labour markets, human capital and migratio...
21 Jan 2022
European Training Fo...
Play
development Serbian - Implementation of the judgments of the European Court of Human Rights ECHR
Serbian - Implementation of the judgments of the European Cour...
21 Dec 2021
Council of Europe Di...
Play
security Safe skies: NATO Air Policing – Slovenia and Western Balkans
Safe skies: NATO Air Policing – Slovenia and Western Balkans
15 Dec 2021
NATO
Play
security Safe skies: NATO Air Policing – Western Balkans
Safe skies: NATO Air Policing – Western Balkans
10 Dec 2021
NATO
Play
culture ICOMOS OCD-RBA Heritage Thursdays l Session 3: Trauma and Heritage
ICOMOS OCD-RBA Heritage Thursdays l Session 3: Trauma and Heri...
9 Dec 2021
ICOMOS
Play
culture Heritage Thursdays Webinar Series l Session 6: Coastal Heritage, Communities and Climate
Heritage Thursdays Webinar Series l Session 6: Coastal Heritag...
6 Dec 2021
ICOMOS
Play
culture ICOMOS OCD-RBA Heritage Thursdays l Session 5: Inspirational Docs and Studies for Future Policies
ICOMOS OCD-RBA Heritage Thursdays l Session 5: Inspirational D...
6 Dec 2021
ICOMOS
Play
regions Interreg projects – Project Slam Award 2021: IPA CBC Croatia Serbia
Interreg projects – Project Slam Award 2021: IPA CBC Croatia...
6 Dec 2021
EUinmyRegion
Play
regions Interreg projects – Project Slam Award 2021: BULGARIA SERBIA
Interreg projects – Project Slam Award 2021: BULGARIA SERBIA
6 Dec 2021
EUinmyRegion
Play
security #OSCEMC2021 Statement by the Head of the Delegation of Serbia
#OSCEMC2021 Statement by the Head of the Delegation of Serbia
2 Dec 2021
The Organization for...
Play
training Western Balkans: Partnerships for skills development
Western Balkans: Partnerships for skills development
29 Nov 2021
European Training Fo...
Play
development Making homes in Western Balkans more energy efficient
Making homes in Western Balkans more energy efficient
23 Nov 2021
European Bank for Re...
Play
energy Episode with Jakuta Imširović on the challenge of a just transition in a Balkan city
Episode with Jakuta Imširović on the challenge of a just tra...
19 Nov 2021
Energy Cities
Play
cities Western Balkans Enlargement: Dead End or Fast Lane? (17th Salzburg Europe Summit)
Western Balkans Enlargement: Dead End or Fast Lane? (17th Salz...
11 Nov 2021
Institute of the Reg...
Play
regions SMART EUROPE : BALKANROAD
SMART EUROPE : BALKANROAD
9 Nov 2021
EUinmyRegion
Play
security Spain busts migrant smugglers active along the Balkan route
Spain busts migrant smugglers active along the Balkan route
4 Nov 2021
EUROPOL
Play
climate Clean energy transition in the Western Balkans:
Clean energy transition in the Western Balkans:
3 Nov 2021
EUClimateAction
Play
security Over 60 charged in crackdown on Balkan cartel behind cocaine pipeline to Europe
Over 60 charged in crackdown on Balkan cartel behind cocaine p...
15 Oct 2021
EUROPOL
Play
foreignaffairs ‘The Invisible Hand of Media Censorship in the Balkans’
‘The Invisible Hand of Media Censorship in the Balkans’
13 Oct 2021
EU Reporter
Play
science Horizon Europe and SMEs in the Western Balkans
Horizon Europe and SMEs in the Western Balkans
11 Oct 2021
EU Science & Innovation
Play
science EENClientInnoJourney | Innovation support for Serbia’s SMEs
EENClientInnoJourney | Innovation support for Serbia’s SMEs
8 Oct 2021
EU Science & Innovation
Play
science Horizon Europe in the Western Balkans
Horizon Europe in the Western Balkans
8 Oct 2021
EU Science & Innovation
Play
science Celebrating past achievements of EU R&I funding for the Western Balkans
Celebrating past achievements of EU R&I funding for the Wester...
8 Oct 2021
EU Science & Innovation
Play
development Western Balkans Business Registry
Western Balkans Business Registry
8 Oct 2021
European Bank for Re...
Play
institutions EU-Western Balkans Summit in Brdo near Kranj, Slovenia
EU-Western Balkans Summit in Brdo near Kranj, Slovenia
7 Oct 2021
European Commission
Play
foreignaffairs ‘We want the Western Balkans in the European Union, there can be no doubt’ von der Leyen
‘We want the Western Balkans in the European Union, there ca...
6 Oct 2021
EU Reporter
Play
institutions President von der Leyen in Serbia - High level launching event for railway corridor
President von der Leyen in Serbia - High level launching event...
30 Sep 2021
European Commission
Play
renewable Prof. Mirza Kušljugić on coal in the Western Balkans - Initiative for coal regions in transition
Prof. Mirza Kušljugić on coal in the Western Balkans - Initi...
20 Jul 2021
DG ENERGY
Play
environment The Green Agenda for the Western Balkans and Healthy Recovery
The Green Agenda for the Western Balkans and Healthy Recovery
19 Jul 2021
Health and Environme...
Play
environment Zelena agenda za Zapadni Balkana i zdravi oporavak
Zelena agenda za Zapadni Balkana i zdravi oporavak
19 Jul 2021
Health and Environme...
Play
enlargement Breakthroughs from Europe: EU summit with Western Balkans countries
Breakthroughs from Europe: EU summit with Western Balkans coun...
16 Jul 2021
GLOBSEC
Play
economy EIB President Werner Hoyer's message at the Western Balkans Summit Berlin 2021
EIB President Werner Hoyer's message at the Western Balkans Su...
5 Jul 2021
European Investment Bank
Play
environment Klimatske promene i zdravlje u regiji Zapadnog Balkana
Klimatske promene i zdravlje u regiji Zapadnog Balkana
3 Jul 2021
Health and Environme...
Play
rail The IPA and Western Balkans Project
The IPA and Western Balkans Project
2 Jul 2021
European Union Agenc...
The IPA and Western Balkans Project
Play
environment Climate Change and Health in the Western Balkan region
Climate Change and Health in the Western Balkan region
1 Jul 2021
Health and Environme...
Play
renewable Annual meeting: Initiative for coal regions in transition in the Western Balkans & Ukraine. Opening
Annual meeting: Initiative for coal regions in transition in t...
1 Jul 2021
DG ENERGY
Play
homeaffairs Shaking EU solidarity in the Western Balkans: Views from Albania, Kosovo and North Macedonia
Shaking EU solidarity in the Western Balkans: Views from Alban...
30 Jun 2021
TEPSA - Trans Europe...
Play