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Ireland

EU Member State (Euro-Area)

Ireland Indicators

Happiness

7.09

0 unhappy, 10 happy

2020
The Happiness ranking is part of the World Happiness Report. The country scores are based on a survey in which respondents evaluate the quality of their current lives on a scale of 0 to 10.
Life expectancy

82.30

years

2019
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Political stability

0.97

-2.5 weak, 2.5 strong

2019
The Political Stability Index and Absence of Violence/Terrorism measures perceptions of the likelihood that the government will be destabilized or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including politically-motivated violence and terrorism.
Political rights

1

7 weak, 1 strong

2020
The Political Rights ratings from the Freedom House evaluate three categories: electoral process, political pluralism and participation, and the functioning of government. The index ranges from 1 (strong rights) to 7 (weak rights).
Civil liberties

1

7 weak, 1 strong

2020
The Civil Liberties index from the Freedom House evaluate the following: freedom of expression and belief, associational and organizational rights, rule of law, and personal autonomy and individual rights. The rating ranges from 1 (strong liberties) to 7 (no liberties).
Corruption

74

100 = no corruption

2019
The Corruption Perceptions Index is an indicator of perceptions of public sector corruption, i.e. administrative and political corruption (based on information from surveys and assessments of corruption, collected by a variety of reputable institutions).
Population

4.93

Million

2019
Total population is indicated in Millions and is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.
Population growth

1.24

% growth / year

2018
Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Population density

70

People per square km

2018
Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Urban population

63.40

% of total population

2019
Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.
Migrant population

16

% of total

2015
International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees.
Economic growth

5.55

% of GDP

2019
Economic growth is intended as the annual percentage growth rate of GDP at market prices based on constant local currency.
Foreign Direct Investment

-12.00

% of GDP

2019
Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor (new investment inflows less disinvestment). Source: The World Bank.
Exports

126.80

% of GDP

2019
Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. Source: The World Bank
Government debt

59.50

% of GDP

2020
Government debt includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government.
Capital investment

43.82

% of GDP

2019
Capital investments are fixed assets including for example land improvements, plant, machinery, construction of roads, railways, schools, offices, hospitals, private residential, commercial and industrial buildings, etc.
Inflation

-0.3

% yearly change

2020
Inflation as measured by the consumer price index reflects the annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly.
Competitiveness

75.10

0 weak, 100 strong

2019
The Global Competitiveness index is composed of 12 pillars of competitiveness: Institutions, Infrastructure, ICT adoption, Macroeconomic stability, Health, Skills, Product market, Labor market, Financial system, market size, Business, dynamism, and Innovation capability.
R&D

1.15

% of GDP

2018
Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D), expressed as a percent of GDP. They include both capital and current expenditures in the four main sectors: Business enterprise, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit.
Shadow economy

9.58

% of GDP

2015
The shadow economy as percent of total annual GDP. Detailed methodology of the estimations can be obtained from the following International Monetary Fund working paper by Leandro Medina and Friedrich Schneider (2018).
Health spending

6.93

% of GDP

2018
Level of current health expenditure expressed as a percentage of GDP. Estimates of current health expenditures include healthcare goods and services consumed during each year but does not include capital health expenditures such as buildings, machinery, IT and stocks of vaccines for emergency or outbreaks.
Education spending

3.51

% of GDP

2017
General government expenditure on education is expressed as a percentage of GDP. It includes expenditure funded by transfers from international sources to government. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.
Military spending

0.29

% of GDP

2019
Military spending includes expenditure on peacekeeping, defense ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities, military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions, operations and maintenance; procurement, military research and development, and military aid.
Unemployment

5.92

% of labor force

2020
Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Females unemployment

4.69

% of female labor force

2019
Female unemployment refers to the share of the female labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Males unemployment

5.17

% of male labor force

2019
Male unemployment refers to the share of the male labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Youth unemployment

12.56

% of 15-24 labor force

2019
Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Cost of starting a business

0.10

% of income per capita

2019
The cost of starting a business indicator includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law. The company law, the commercial code, and specific regulations and fee schedules are used as sources for calculating costs. Source: The World Bank.
Tax rate

26.10

% of commercial profits

2019
Total tax rate measures the amount of taxes and mandatory contributions payable by businesses after accounting for allowable deductions and exemptions as a share of commercial profits. Personal income tax, VAT, sales taxes or goods and service taxes are excluded.
Number of taxes paid by businesses

9

2019
Tax payments by businesses are the total number of taxes paid by businesses, including electronic filing. The tax is counted as paid once a year even if payments are more frequent. Source: The World Bank.
Patent applications

58

by residents

2019
Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years.
Internet users

84.52

% of population

2018
Internet users are individuals who have used the Internet (from any location) in the last 3 months. The Internet can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games machine, digital TV etc. Source: The World Bank.
Land area

68890

sq. km

2018
Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
Agricultural land

45160

sq. km.

2018
Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Source: FAO.
Forest area

7740.2

sq. km

2018
Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens. Source: FAO
Precipitation

1118

mm per year

2017
Average precipitation is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
Roads quality

4.40

1 low, 7 high

2019
The Road quality indicator represents an assessment of the quality of roads in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the roads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Railroads quality

4.00

1 low, 7 high

2019
The Quality of railroad infrastrucutre indicator represents an assessment of the quality of the railroad system in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the railroads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Air transport quality

5.50

1 low, 7 high

2019
The Quality of air transport infrastructure indicator represents an assessment of the quality of airports in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the passenger air transport in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Energy imports

85.67

% total energy use

2015
Net energy imports are estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Source: The World Bank
Oil production

0.00

thousand barrels / day

2020
Oil production, thousand barrels per day
Renewable power capacity

4.59

million kilowatts

2019
Total capacity to produce electricity from renewable resources in million kilowatts.
Carbon dioxide emissions

7.93

metric tons per capita

2016
Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Source: The World Bank.
Bank branches

20.76

per 100,000 people

2017
Number of commercial bank branches per 100,000 adults.
ATMs

73.30

per 100,000 adults

2019
Number of ATMs per 100,000 adults. Automated teller machines are computerized telecommunications devices that provide clients of a financial institution with access to financial transactions in a public place.
Homicides

0.9

per 100,000 people

2017
Number of homicides per 100,000 people per year.
Robberies

45

per 100,000 people

2017
Number of robberies per 100,000 people per year.
Suicides

9.60

per 100,000 population

2019
Suicide mortality rate is the number of suicide deaths in a year per 100,000 population.
Prisoners

79

per 100,000 people

2017
Number of prisoners per 100,000 people.

Ireland News More ...

Ireland EventsMore ...

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Ireland Publications More ...

Incentivising biodiversity net gain with an offset market
A new policy has been put forward in the fight to preserve biodiversity, calling on the private sector and borrowing from market economics.
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A new life-cycle assessment of the greenhouse gas emissions o...
A new life-cycle assessment of the greenhouse gas emissions of combustion engine and electric passenger cars in major markets
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Policies for human capital development southern and eastern Me...
Policies for human capital development southern and eastern Mediterranean region
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Artificial distinction between climate change adaptation and d...
Artificial distinction between climate change adaptation and development restricts access to climate finance for developing countries
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Minimum energy performance standards: A tool for building reno...
Minimum energy performance standards: A tool for building renovation in Spain
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Measuring progress towards climate neutrality - PART II: inte...
Measuring progress towards climate neutrality - PART II: integrating indicators in EU governance processes
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Anticipating and managing the impact of change - Distributiona...
Anticipating and managing the impact of change - Distributional impacts of climate policies in Europe
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Concern for irrigation, drainage and other water management me...
Concern for irrigation, drainage and other water management measures in national recovery and resilience plans
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Conflict, instability and hunger: breaking the cycle in the Ce...
Conflict, instability and hunger: breaking the cycle in the Central African Republic
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COBRA: The Environmental and Social impacts of Li-ion batteries
The latest COBRA market intelligence report on the EV battery landscape. Many thanks to Victor Jose Ferreira Ferreira (UPC), Gabriela Benveniste Pérez (UPC) and Lluc Canals Casals (IREC) for contributing to this issue.
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Making Open Strategic Autonomy work – European Trade in a G...
Making Open Strategic Autonomy work – European Trade in a Geopolitical World
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Russia’s internet legislation: an existential compliance que...
Russia’s internet legislation: an existential compliance question for foreign platforms
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The Value of Architecture II - Demonstrating the value of desi...
The Value of Architecture II - Demonstrating the value of design through research in European architecture practice
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Digital Services Act and Digital Markets Act - Stepping stones...
Digital Services Act and Digital Markets Act - Stepping stones to a level playing field in Europe
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European passenger car and light commercial vehicle registrati...
European passenger car and light commercial vehicle registrations: january–may 2021
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New forms of employment in the eastern partnership countries: ...
New forms of employment in the eastern partnership countries: platform work – Ukraine
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New forms of employment in the eastern partnership countries: ...
New forms of employment in the eastern partnership countries: platform work – Moldova
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New forms of employment in the eastern partnership countries: ...
New forms of employment in the eastern partnership countries: platform work – Georgia
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New forms of employment in the eastern partnership countries: ...
New forms of employment in the eastern partnership countries: platform work – Belarus
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New forms of employment in the eastern partnership countries: ...
New forms of employment in the eastern partnership countries: platform work – Armenia
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Skill development in the platform economy - Comparing microwor...
Skill development in the platform economy - Comparing microwork and online freelancing
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New tech recycles domestic wastewater and kitchen waste
In the last few weeks the permit for the small-scale anaerobic digestion (biogas) was approved in Austria. Now it is possible to start implementing the HOUSEFUL solutions in Cambium Leben in Gemeinschaft, where one of...
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Ireland VideosMore ...

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foreign-affairs UK wants an indeterminate standstill and a renegotiation of Northern Ireland Protocol
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21 Jul 2021
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power Episode 2: Where to start with your home energy upgrade
Episode 2: Where to start with your home energy upgrade
20 Jul 2021
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health Disability Capacity Review to 2032 (Irish Sign Language translation)
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15 Jul 2021
Department of Health
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environment EPA Climate Change Conference - Session One
EPA Climate Change Conference - Session One
9 Jul 2021
EPA Ireland
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environment EPA Climate Change Conference - Session Two
EPA Climate Change Conference - Session Two
9 Jul 2021
EPA Ireland
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environment EPA Climate Change Conference - Session Three
EPA Climate Change Conference - Session Three
9 Jul 2021
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environment EPA Climate Change Conference - Session Four
EPA Climate Change Conference - Session Four
9 Jul 2021
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environment EPA Climate Change Conference - Session Five
EPA Climate Change Conference - Session Five
9 Jul 2021
EPA Ireland
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power Ask the Expert: Understanding your BER
Ask the Expert: Understanding your BER
9 Jul 2021
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animal Let's Talk Equine- Producing Connemara Ponies & Irish Draughts for show success & commercial returns
Let's Talk Equine- Producing Connemara Ponies & Irish Draughts...
8 Jul 2021
Teagasc
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animal The Signpost Series Webinar- High Nature Value Farmland in Ireland
The Signpost Series Webinar- High Nature Value Farmland in Ire...
5 Jul 2021
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fishery Fleet Survey 2021 - Harry Wick encourages Northern Ireland fishermen to take part
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1 Jul 2021
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transport TOMORROW: Cities transitions to carbon neutrality by 2050: The example of Dublin, IE #invest4cities
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30 Jun 2021
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environment Domestic Waste Water Treatment System Inspections 2020
Domestic Waste Water Treatment System Inspections 2020
30 Jun 2021
EPA Ireland
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animal Donagh Hennessy – Livestock, creating food or consuming it? Feed-food competition in Ireland
Donagh Hennessy – Livestock, creating food or consuming it? ...
29 Jun 2021
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animal Orlaith Quigley – Future proofing the Irish breeding with the Next Generation Herd
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29 Jun 2021
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animal Shilpi Misra – Every drop counts – sustainable water use in Irish pork production
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29 Jun 2021
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animal Cathal Conaty – From farming to online, improving the accessibility of information for Irish farmers
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29 Jun 2021
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agriculture Celebrating Ireland’s role in the FAO’s International Year of Plant Health - IYPH webinar
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25 Jun 2021
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power Invoice and Transaction Documents
Invoice and Transaction Documents
24 Jun 2021
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Invoice and Transaction Documents
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24 Jun 2021
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environment Transitioning to Strategic Noise Mapping under CNOSSOS-EU: Project Highlights
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23 Jun 2021
EPA Ireland
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renewable Encouraging Heat pump Adoption in Ireland: Insights from Behavioural Economics
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23 Jun 2021
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power SEAI Public Sector Conference 2021 – Breakout session: Engaging People in Decarbonisation
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21 Jun 2021
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animal Signpost Series Webinar - The All Ireland Pollinator Plan
Signpost Series Webinar - The All Ireland Pollinator Plan
21 Jun 2021
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environment 7. Standardisation of National Climate Services supporting water decision making, Keith Lambkin
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17 Jun 2021
EPA Ireland
7. Standardisation of National Climate Services support...
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environment 8. What does the new Drinking Water Directive mean for water protection, Dr Michelle Minihan
8. What does the new Drinking Water Directive mean for water ...
17 Jun 2021
EPA Ireland
8. What does the new Drinking Water Directive mean for...
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environment 9. Securing drinking water supplies into the future, Angela Ryan
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17 Jun 2021
EPA Ireland
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environment 10. AgriFood 2030 the future for agriculture, Tom Arnold
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17 Jun 2021
EPA Ireland
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environment 11. Communities and water - a vision for the future, Bernie O’Flaherty
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17 Jun 2021
EPA Ireland
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environment 12. Behavioural change - learning from SEAI’s work with Communities, Ruth Buggie
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17 Jun 2021
EPA Ireland
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17 Jun 2021
EPA Ireland
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environment 14. Citizen Science DCU’s Water Blitz, Dr Susan Hegarty
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17 Jun 2021
EPA Ireland
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17 Jun 2021
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foreign-affairs Tommie Gorman - The Future for Northern Ireland and Relations on These Islands
Tommie Gorman - The Future for Northern Ireland and Relations ...
16 Jun 2021
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environment 1. Integrating water and environment policy and protection, Dr Stéphane Isoard, EEA
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16 Jun 2021
EPA Ireland
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environment 2. Ireland's third River Basin Management Plan, Feargal Ó’Coigligh
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16 Jun 2021
EPA Ireland
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environment 3. Water governance in Ireland a review of structures and processes, Dr Richard Boyle
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16 Jun 2021
EPA Ireland
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environment 4. Valuing ecosystems, Prof. Jane Stout, TCD
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16 Jun 2021
EPA Ireland
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environment 6. Opportunities for water quality from bog rehabilitation, Enda McDonagh, Bord na Mona
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16 Jun 2021
EPA Ireland
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environment 5. Managing Ireland’s marine resources – benefits of an integrated approach, Caitríona Nic Aonghusa
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16 Jun 2021
EPA Ireland
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10 Jun 2021
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