The Political Stability Index and Absence of Violence/Terrorism measures perceptions of the likelihood that the government will be destabilized or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including politically-motivated violence and terrorism.
The Political Rights ratings from the Freedom House evaluate three categories: electoral process, political pluralism and participation, and the functioning of government. The index ranges from 1 (strong rights) to 7 (weak rights).
The Civil Liberties index from the Freedom House evaluate the following: freedom of expression and belief, associational and organizational rights, rule of law, and personal autonomy and individual rights. The rating ranges from 1 (strong liberties) to 7 (no liberties).
The Corruption Perceptions Index is an indicator of perceptions of public sector corruption, i.e. administrative and political corruption (based on information from surveys and assessments of corruption, collected by a variety of reputable institutions).
Total population is indicated in Millions and is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.
Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor (new investment inflows less disinvestment). Source: The World Bank.
Government debt includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government.
Capital investments are fixed assets including for example land improvements, plant, machinery, construction of roads, railways, schools, offices, hospitals, private residential, commercial and industrial buildings, etc.
Inflation as measured by the consumer price index reflects the annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly.
The Global Competitiveness index is composed of 12 pillars of competitiveness: Institutions, Infrastructure, ICT adoption, Macroeconomic stability, Health, Skills, Product market, Labor market, Financial system, market size, Business, dynamism, and Innovation capability.
Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D), expressed as a percent of GDP. They include both capital and current expenditures in the four main sectors: Business enterprise, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit.
The shadow economy as percent of total annual GDP. Detailed methodology of the estimations can be obtained from the following International Monetary Fund working paper by Leandro Medina and Friedrich Schneider (2018).
Level of current health expenditure expressed as a percentage of GDP. Estimates of current health expenditures include healthcare goods and services consumed during each year but does not include capital health expenditures such as buildings, machinery, IT and stocks of vaccines for emergency or outbreaks.
General government expenditure on education is expressed as a percentage of GDP. It includes expenditure funded by transfers from international sources to government. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.
Military spending includes expenditure on peacekeeping, defense ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities, military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions, operations and maintenance; procurement, military research and development, and military aid.
The cost of starting a business indicator includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law. The company law, the commercial code, and specific regulations and fee schedules are used as sources for calculating costs. Source: The World Bank.
Total tax rate measures the amount of taxes and mandatory contributions payable by businesses after accounting for allowable deductions and exemptions as a share of commercial profits. Personal income tax, VAT, sales taxes or goods and service taxes are excluded.
Tax payments by businesses are the total number of taxes paid by businesses, including electronic filing. The tax is counted as paid once a year even if payments are more frequent. Source: The World Bank.
Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years.
Internet users are individuals who have used the Internet (from any location) in the last 3 months. The Internet can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games machine, digital TV etc. Source: The World Bank.
Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens. Source: FAO
Average precipitation is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
The Road quality indicator represents an assessment of the quality of roads in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the roads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
The Quality of railroad infrastrucutre indicator represents an assessment of the quality of the railroad system in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the railroads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
The Quality of air transport infrastructure indicator represents an assessment of the quality of airports in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the passenger air transport in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Source: The World Bank.
Number of ATMs per 100,000 adults. Automated teller machines are computerized telecommunications devices that provide clients of a financial institution with access to financial transactions in a public place.
On 9 October 2021, the EU SME Centre and @ChinaLuxChamber renewed the partnership agreement signed back in 2016. The Centre is glad to re-establish this cooperation to support the internationalisation plans of the business community of Luxembourgčç▒čç║čçĘčç│ čĹëhttps://t.co/x6CaJGwVVOhttps://t.co/KZgD3smIbe
čĹĚčĺ╝The highest increases in #employment rate in Q2 2021 compared with Q1 2021 in the #EU were recorded in: čçŞčç« Slovenia (+2.8 pp) čçČčçĚ Greece (+2.1 pp) čçžčç¬ Belgium and čç▒čç║ Luxembourg (both +1.5 pp) Decreases in: čç¬čç¬ Estonia (-1.4 pp) čçĚčç┤ Romania (-0.3 pp) čĹëhttps://t.co/0CmlRWRbKIhttps://t.co/Uo3Q6nS9zE
#ConnectingEurope Express day 3´ŞĆÔâú5´ŞĆÔâú Luxembourg Ô×í´ŞĆ Thionville Ô×í´ŞĆ Strasbourg┬á We have passed through 26 countries and stopped in more that 120 cities. Our special train is now close to its final destination - Paris čçźčçĚ. čÖĆ for the warm welcome across Europe.┬á #EUYearofRailhttps://t.co/5xHoRbaFUg
čźÇčęŞ In 2019, 22% of people in the #EU aged 15 years & over reported having high blood pressure. Highest shares in: čçşčçĚCroatia: 37% čç▒čç╗Latvia & čçşčç║Hungary: 32% Lowest shares in: čç«čç¬Ireland: 12% čç▒čç║Luxembourg, čçĚčç┤Romania & čç│čç▒the Netherlands: 16% čĹëhttps://t.co/v5JDpAIP94#WorldHeartDayhttps://t.co/huDtyyAtDF
In 2019, 5´ŞĆÔâú9´ŞĆÔâú% of pupils in upper secondary general education studied two or more foreign languages in the EU. Highest: čç▒čç║ Luxembourg, čçźčçĚ France 100% čç¬čç¬ Estonia, čçĚčç┤ Romania, čçĘčç┐ Czechia, čçźčç« Finland 99% čçŞčç░ Slovakia 98% čçşčçĚ Croatia 95% čçŞčç« Slovenia 92% čĹë https://t.co/JouQe6Zyqghttps://t.co/EVQ0p2BKTz
čÜŚIn the EU in 2019, the highest shares of passenger cars 20 years or older were in: čçÁčç▒Poland: 37.9% čç¬čç¬Estonia: 31.5% čçźčç«Finland: 26.9% Highest shares of cars less than 2 years old in: čç«čç¬Ireland: 28.8% čç▒čç║Luxembourg: 23.7% čçžčç¬Belgium: 22.9% čĹëhttps://t.co/bXRIAdVd7A#WorldCarFreeDayhttps://t.co/6WXyyOGC5L
??How did the price of #bread & cereals in your country compare to other #EU countries in 2020ÔŁô Highest: ??Denmark = price level index of 153 ??Austria = 135 ??Luxembourg ??Finland ??Sweden = 127 Lowest: ??Romania = 56 ??Bulgaria = 67 ??Poland = 70 ?https://t.co/GHxDD4drLMhttps://t.co/ka8OxLaL1m
Flags at half-mast at ??EU headquarters to mourn the victims of the floods in ??Belgium, ??Germany, the ??Netherlands and ??Luxembourg. Remembering all those who lost their lives. #EUSolidarityhttps://t.co/xSpfSKjH5S
Today we mourn the victims of the floods in Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. Our flags at our sites across the ??, in ??, ??, ??, ?? & ?? are lowered to half-mast to remember those who lost their lives. #EUSolidarityhttps://t.co/PvCO6ufK9n
Today our flags are at half-mast in tribute to the victims of the floods in Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. The EU stands with you and mourns with you. ?????????? We will observe a minute of silence at midday. #EUSolidarityhttps://t.co/163m8hLyFH
Parliament is very concerned about the catastrophic floods in Belgium, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. The EU is ready to channel emergency assistance through the Civil Protection Mechanism https://t.co/sy8MR4x6Jz
In 2019, EUR 2 585 billion of EU value added was supported by #exports to non-member countries, equivalent to 20.7% of the EUR 12 476 billion total value added in the EU. Highest shares: ?? Ireland (50.7%), ?? Luxembourg (36.6%) and ?? Malta (30.0%). Ôä╣´ŞĆ https://t.co/wSf5dhcUuxhttps://t.co/yzIEVXCXfq
On a global scale, e-commerce is growing at a phenomenal rate . Global e-commerce sales are expected to reach $4 trillion in 2020, up from $1.6 trillion in 2016 1 . However, this study shows that the majority of EU di...
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The principle of mutual recognition guarantees full recognition of any driving licence valid in a country in the European Economic Area (EEA). This includes those issued before the entry into force of the Directive an...
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The ranking shows that only three countries in Europe push in the right direction to deliver on the Paris climate agreement. Sweden tops the list, followed by Germany and France. Sweden scores the highest among all E...
Global oil and gas upstream investment fell by 25% in 2015 and by another 26% in 2016, affecting the major oil companies and smaller independents alike. In 2017 there are modest signs of recovery led by higher investm...